Figure 9.1 Scores of contemplative practitioners on measures of well-being, expressed as standard deviations (SDs) from scores of non-practitioners. All, except environmental mastery, were significantly elevated, although self-acceptance and personal growth are notably elevated—more than half a standard deviation above the comparable scores of the non-practitioners.

Adapted from Hanley, A., Warner, A., & Garland, E. L. (2015). Associations Between Mindfulness, Psychological Well-Being, and Subjective Well-Being with Respect to Contemplative Practice. Journal of Happiness Studies, 16(6), 1423–1436.