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Personality Disorders in Asians

Personality Disorders in Asians  

Andrew G. Ryder, Jessica Dere, Jian Yang, and Kenneth Fung

in Handbook of Adult Psychopathology in Asians: Theory, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780190242114
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780195179064.003.0014
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195179064
14 Personality Disorders in Asians
Using Basic Personality Process Models to Inform the Personality DisordersCore Momentary Stressor-Symptom Contingencies as Basic Etiology

Using Basic Personality Process Models to Inform the Personality Disorders: Core Momentary Stressor-Symptom Contingencies as Basic Etiology  

William Fleeson, R. Michael Furr, Malek Mneimne, and Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0004
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
4 Using Basic Personality Process Models to Inform the Personality Disorders Core Momentary Stressor-Symptom Contingencies as Basic Etiology William Fleeson , R. Michael Furr , Malek Mneimne , and Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold The modern scientific fields of personality and abnormal psychology share a common heritage in 19th-century psychoanalysis. Disagreement among its early members notwithstanding, the field was able to agree on two main points. First, that everyone is neurotic; and second, that the key undertaking in life is to overcome one’s neurosis ( ; ; ; ). Both of these ideas have persisted
Advances in Child Personality Research and Relevance for Personality Pathology

Advances in Child Personality Research and Relevance for Personality Pathology  

Jennifer L. Tackett, Kathleen W. Reardon, Kathrin Herzhoff, and Shauna C. Kushner

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0008
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
8 Advances in Child Personality Research and Relevance for Personality Pathology Jennifer L. Tackett , Kathleen W. Reardon , Kathrin Herzhoff , and Shauna C. Kushner Dispositional differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving hold great import for predicting consequential outcomes across the life span. Such dispositions are evident from very early in life, with infants showing differences in preference for novelty and toddlers ranging from highly active and exuberant to quiet and calm. Developmental changes occur rapidly in early life, with substantial growth occurring across childhood and adolescence in diverse domains (e.g., physiological,
Historical Overview of Personality Disorders

Historical Overview of Personality Disorders  

Thomas A. Widiger

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
1 Historical Overview of Personality Disorders Thomas A. Widiger The purpose of this chapter is to provide a brief history of the diagnosis of personality disorder as provided within the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM ). It is perhaps self-evident that an authoritative, common language for the classification of personality disorder is necessary for clinical practice. Imagine the chaos if clinicians were free to use whatever personality disorder classification they preferred. Even if they used the same diagnosis (which is unlikely), they would probably use very different diagnostic criteria.
The Current State of Personality Disorders Through the Lens of PDTRT

The Current State of Personality Disorders Through the Lens of PDTRT  

Carl W. Lejuez, Alexis Matusiewicz, Nadia Bounoua, and James Soldinger

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0002
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
2 The Current State of Personality Disorders Through the Lens of PDTRT Carl W. Lejuez , Alexis Matusiewicz , Nadia Bounoua , and James Soldinger The notion of personality—an individual’s unique, enduring, and predictable patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that are relatively invariant across contexts—is an ancient one, first formalized by Hippocrates in the first century bce . The term “personality disorder” refers to the maladaptive extremes of personality: patterns of relating to oneself and others that are pervasive and inflexible so as to cause extreme distress and disruption in role functioning (
Personality Dysfunction and Trait ExtremityConceptually, but Not Empirically Distinct?

Personality Dysfunction and Trait Extremity: Conceptually, but Not Empirically Distinct?  

Lee Anna Clark, Elizabeth J. Daly, Stephanie Larew, Hallie Nuzum, Thomas Kingsbury, Jaime L. Shapiro, Xia Allen, and Eunyoe Ro

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0006
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
6 Personality Dysfunction and Trait Extremity Conceptually, but Not Empirically Distinct? Lee Anna Clark , Elizabeth J. Daly , Stephanie Larew , Hallie Nuzum , Thomas Kingsbury , Jaime L. Shapiro , Xia Allen , and Eunyoe Ro Despite their many well-documented problems (e.g., see ), the personality disorder (PD) criteria in the main text (Section II) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , fifth edition ( DSM-5 -II; APA, 2013; hereafter “PD-II”) are identical to those in DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994). The
Personality and Military Service

Personality and Military Service  

Michael R. DeVries and Emile K. Wijnans

in Military Psychologists' Desk Reference

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780190230418
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199928262.003.0006
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Military Psychology, Professional Development and Training
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199928262
6 Personality and Military Service
The Principles of Personality Trait Development and Their Relation to Psychopathology

The Principles of Personality Trait Development and Their Relation to Psychopathology  

Brent W. Roberts and Rodica I. Damian

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0007
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
7 The Principles of Personality Trait Development and Their Relation to Psychopathology Brent W. Roberts and Rodica I. Damian A recent review of prospective research ( ) showed that life experiences are associated with change in personality traits, and that different life experiences are differentially related to personality trait domains. Specifically, the most robust findings across the review were that transitioning to the first romantic relationship increased Extraversion and decreased Neuroticism (e.g., ; ), and that transitioning from high school to college/work increased Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness, and decreased Neuroticism (e.g., ; ). Furthermore,
Mentalization-Based Treatment for Personality DisordersA Practical Guide

Mentalization-Based Treatment for Personality Disorders: A Practical Guide  

Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191835568
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199680375.001.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199680375
A Practical Guide Part 1 The mentalizing framework Part 2 Mentalizing practice Part 3 Mentalizing groups Part 4 Mentalizing systems
Common Therapeutic Issues and Patient Questions

Common Therapeutic Issues and Patient Questions  

Myrna M. Weissman, John C. Markowitz, and Gerald L. Klerman

in The Guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Updated and Expanded Edition

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780190662615
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190662592.003.0011
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190662592
11 Common Therapeutic Issues and Patient Questions
Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder  

Myrna M. Weissman, John C. Markowitz, and Gerald L. Klerman

in The Guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Updated and Expanded Edition

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780190662615
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190662592.003.0023
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190662592
23 Borderline Personality Disorder
Introduction to Volume 7

Introduction to Volume 7  

Anna Ferruta

in The Collected Works of D. W. Winnicott: Volume 7, 1964 - 1966

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Series: 
The Collected Works of D. W. Winnicott
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190458454
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780190271398.003.0085
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190271398
Introduction to Volume 7
Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder  

Myrna M. Weissman, John C. Markowitz, and Gerald L. Klerman

in Clinician's Quick Guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780190637682
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780195309416.003.0021
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195309416
21 Borderline Personality Disorder
Implementation pathway

Implementation pathway  

Anthony W. Bateman and Peter Fonagy

in Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: Mentalization-based treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Oct 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808043
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198527664.003.0009
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198527664
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
9 Implementation pathway
Personality as AdaptationPerspectives From Nonhuman Primates

Personality as Adaptation: Perspectives From Nonhuman Primates  

John P. Capitanio and William A. Mason

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0010
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
10 Personality as Adaptation Perspectives From Nonhuman Primates John P. Capitanio and William A. Mason In this chapter, we examine personality in animals, with a focus on nonhuman primates. Our premise is that personality is a biological phenomenon, an emergent property of the central nervous system reflecting the organization within the individual of some fundamental psychological processes, such as approach/avoidance, activity/passivity, and social attraction/intolerance. We see personality as a dynamic, whole-organism phenomenon that is influenced by phylogeny, ecology, personal history, and developmental experience. At a fundamental level, personality is about adaptation: It describes how individuals interact with
Molecular Trait PsychologyAdvancing the Field by Moving From Gene Hunting to Tool Making

Molecular Trait Psychology: Advancing the Field by Moving From Gene Hunting to Tool Making  

Turhan Canli

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0011
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
11 Molecular Trait Psychology Advancing the Field by Moving From Gene Hunting to Tool Making Turhan Canli Biological studies of personality and other behavioral traits have always been defined by the tools available at the time. Twin studies established early on a significant role for both environmental and genetic factors. Noninvasive imaging technologies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have motivated studies of individual differences in brain structure and function as a function of traits. Imaging genetics studies have begun to integrate information about individuals’ genotype with brain-based endophenotypes. Despite these advances, there is a sense that the
The Prevalence, Stability, and Impact of Personality Pathology in Later LifePreliminary Findings From the SPAN Study

The Prevalence, Stability, and Impact of Personality Pathology in Later Life: Preliminary Findings From the SPAN Study  

Thomas F. Oltmanns and Steve Balsis

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0009
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
9 The Prevalence, Stability, and Impact of Personality Pathology in Later Life Preliminary Findings From the SPAN Study Thomas F. Oltmanns and Steve Balsis Relatively little information is available regarding the trajectory of personality pathology from middle adulthood into later life. Some empirical studies have shed light on the onset and stability of personality disorders, but they have focused primarily on childhood and adolescence through young adulthood ( ; ; ). The purpose of this chapter is to outline important issues and questions that should be addressed by studies concerned with personality pathology in older
The Interpersonal SituationIntegrating Personality Assessment, Case Formulation, and Intervention

The Interpersonal Situation: Integrating Personality Assessment, Case Formulation, and Intervention  

Christopher J. Hopwood, Aaron L. Pincus, and Aidan G. C. Wright

in Using Basic Personality Research to Inform Personality Pathology

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780190686598
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190227074.003.0005
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Clinical Adult Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190227074
Disorder: 
Personality Disorders
5 The Interpersonal Situation Integrating Personality Assessment, Case Formulation, and Intervention Christopher J. Hopwood , Aaron L. Pincus , and Aidan G. C. Wright The official diagnostic system clinicians are currently asked to use to integrate their patients’ personalities into a comprehensive clinical diagnosis employs a medical model that is empirically problematic and largely unhelpful for personality assessment, case formulation, treatment planning, and intervention. Trait-based ( ) and process-based ( ) alternatives address important limitations of the medical model. However, structure and process models, in isolation, fail to provide a full picture of human functioning ( ;
Eating Disorders and Borderline Personality DisorderStrategies for Managing Life-Threatening and Therapy-Interfering Behaviors

Eating Disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder: Strategies for Managing Life-Threatening and Therapy-Interfering Behaviors  

Lucene Wisniewski and Leslie K. Anderson

in Clinical Handbook of Complex and Atypical Eating Disorders

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780190630423
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190630409.003.0006
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190630409
Disorder: 
Eating Disorders
6 Eating Disorders and Borderline Personality Disorder Strategies for Managing Life-Threatening and Therapy-Interfering Behaviors
Challenging Personality TestingObjective and Projective Instruments

Challenging Personality Testing: Objective and Projective Instruments  

Michael J. Vitacco, Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven Erickson, and James M. Wood

in Ziskin's Coping with Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony (6 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780190466237
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780195174113.003.0017
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195174113
16 Challenging Personality Testing

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