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(p. 147) Facilitators, Friends, or the Formerly Afflicted?: Integrating Peers into Emerging Adults’ Substance Use Interventions 

(p. 147) Facilitators, Friends, or the Formerly Afflicted?: Integrating Peers into Emerging Adults’ Substance Use Interventions
Chapter:
(p. 147) Facilitators, Friends, or the Formerly Afflicted?: Integrating Peers into Emerging Adults’ Substance Use Interventions
Author(s):

Douglas C. Smith

, Frank J. Schwebel

, and Mary E. Larimer

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190490782.003.0007
Page of

date: 22 January 2018

Despite the growing interest in integrating peers into emerging adults’ substance use interventions, limited related research is available. Issues of conceptual clarity also remain regarding the integration of peers into interventions based on three distinct approaches used in the field. First, peers could refer to individuals with similar backgrounds who are facilitating an intervention (i.e., peer-delivered). Second, peers could be friends who are invited to participate in an emerging adult target client’s intervention (i.e., peer-enhanced). Finally, peers could represent individuals who formerly suffered from substance use disorder and are currently running peer recovery support-based treatments (i.e., peer recovery support). This chapter provides a review of research with these three types of peer constituencies and proposes language conventions to better identify who comprises a peer in an emerging adult substance use intervention. Based on the promising findings, additional research is recommended for all three models that integrates peers into emerging adults’ treatment episodes.

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