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(p. 67) Executive Functions in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder 

(p. 67) Executive Functions in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Chapter:
(p. 67) Executive Functions in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author(s):

Yael Dai

, and Inge-Marie Eigsti

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190624828.003.0003
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date: 21 January 2018

This chapter reviews strengths and weaknesses in executive function (EF) domains, including inhibition, working memory, flexibility, fluency, and planning, in adolescents (age 13–19) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Given the dramatic developmental changes in the brain regions that support EF during the period of adolescence, it is critical to evaluate which EF abilities show a distinct profile during this period. As this chapter will demonstrate, youth with ASD show deficits across all domains of EF, particularly in complex tasks that include arbitrary instructions. We describe the fundamental measures for assessing skills in each domain and discuss limitations and future directions for research, as well as clinical implications of these findings for working with youth with ASD.

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