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(p. 599) Stigma 

Chapter:
(p. 599) Stigma
Author(s):

Patrick E. Jamieson

and Daniel Romer

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780199928163.003.0029
Page of

date: 20 July 2018

Stigma occurs when a person or group is negatively stereotyped and is treated as socially unacceptable. The stigma surrounding mental disorders poses significant barriers to identification, treatment, and recovery from these conditions. Stigmatizing beliefs about mental illness emerge prior to adolescence and are reinforced by both entertainment and news media. These widespread beliefs can promote self-stigma in persons with symptoms of mental illness. This chapter reviews the community and psychological processes that contribute to stigma and strategies that seek to reduce its harms in adolescents. It also highlights examples of successful stigma-reduction programs that emphasize the efficacy of treatment, correction of negative stereotypes, and exposure to persons with mental illness who have been successfully treated.

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