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(p. 171) Environmental Needs; the Early Stages; Total Dependence and Essential Independence 

(p. 171) Environmental Needs; the Early Stages; Total Dependence and Essential Independence
Chapter:
(p. 171) Environmental Needs; the Early Stages; Total Dependence and Essential Independence
Author(s):

Donald W. Winnicott

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780190271350.003.0027
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date: 15 October 2018

In this lecture to teachers, Winnicott is concerned with the introduction of external reality to the human infant. His thesis is that a mother manages her baby in order to give it the illusion that what it gets is created out of its own feelings. The question is whether enough illusion has taken place for the infant to build up a world which we could recognize has come from our shared reality. Teachers provide a lot in this process by being a person or a group in which a child can find love, aggression, guilt, and the opportunity to give.

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