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(p. 204) Temporal orientation and mindfulness 

(p. 204) Temporal orientation and mindfulness
(p. 204) Temporal orientation and mindfulness

Andrew MacLeod

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date: 19 July 2018

Individuals can differ in how much they have a tendency to think about the future, as opposed to the present or the past. Findings from many different areas of prospection point to the value of being future-minded, and its value is inherent in how well-being is sometimes defined (e.g. having goals and a sense of purpose). On the other hand, mindfulness, which has become prominent in ideas about well-being and treatment of mental health difficulties, appears to point to the value of a present focus. Chapter 9 reviews evidence related to both of these questions, critically evaluating evidence on the relationship of well-being to self-report measures of both mindfulness and future orientation. A distinction is also made between the temporal present and the experienced present, which helps to resolve the apparent contradiction between being mindful and thinking about the future.

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