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(p. 3) Emotion Regulation: An Introduction 

(p. 3) Emotion Regulation: An Introduction
Chapter:
(p. 3) Emotion Regulation: An Introduction
Author(s):

Sara LeBlanc

, Cecilia A. Essau

, and Thomas H. Ollendick

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780198765844.003.0001
Page of

date: 18 October 2018

Chapter 1 provides an overview of emotion regulation and associated processes, operationalizing key terms whilst grounding the discussion in the theoretical, Process Model of emotion regulation (Gross, 1998), which differentiates antecedent, from response-focused strategies. Research findings on reappraisal and suppression are outlined, with reappraisal primarily associated with positive health outcomes and suppression primarily associated with negative health outcomes. The development of emotion regulation during childhood and adolescence is discussed, which shows a gradual increase in the use of more complex, adaptive strategies. In addition, the importance of genetic, biological, and environmental factors is assessed. The link between emotion regulation and psychopathology is evaluated in terms of risk and contributing factors. Relatedly, genetic predispositions to psychopathology and the influencing role of parents in terms of emotion regulation biases is discussed, highlighting an under researched area, as fathers have been highly underrepresented in the extant literature. The conclusion reaffirms the strong association between emotion dysregulation and psychiatric illness in youth, making it an ideal target for prevention and early intervention.

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