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(p. 374) Children Exposed to Traumatic Stress 

(p. 374) Children Exposed to Traumatic Stress
Chapter:
(p. 374) Children Exposed to Traumatic Stress
Author(s):

Brandon G. Scott

, and Carl F. Weems

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780198765844.003.0018
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date: 18 October 2018

This chapter discusses children exposed to traumatic stress, which is often associated with persisting, negative outcomes such as anxiety, depression, aggression, grief, somatic complaints, poor academic achievement, social problems, and sleep problems. Research demonstrates that contextual factors, such as parenting behaviors and temperament may influence whether youth continue to have problems following the trauma. Severe and prolonged stress related symptoms may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a multifaceted disorder involving persistent, chronic, heightened emotional reactivity, arousal to trauma cues, maladaptive emotion regulation (e.g., cognitive or behavioral avoidance), intrusive thoughts, and negative cognitions and mood states. Theoretical research posits that an integral component of PTSD is emotion dysregulation, involving deficits across cognitive, neurobiological, and behavioral systems. From a treatment perspective, empirical evidence supports trauma focused-CBT, school-based interventions, like Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools and Grief and Trauma Intervention, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing are auspicious, and nascent treatments.

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