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(p. 18) The Relation of Self-Regulation to Children’s Externalizing and Internalizing Problems 

(p. 18) The Relation of Self-Regulation to Children’s Externalizing and Internalizing Problems
Chapter:
(p. 18) The Relation of Self-Regulation to Children’s Externalizing and Internalizing Problems
Author(s):

Nancy Eisenberg

, Maciel M. Hernández

, and Tracy L. Spinrad

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780198765844.003.0002
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date: 21 June 2018

Chapter 2 investigates the relation between self-regulation and both internalizing and externalizing problems in children and adolescents. Although the association between children’s self-regulation and externalizing and internalizing symptoms has been established, research on co-morbidity is scarce; moreover, causal models delineating underlying regulatory mechanisms involved in the development and propagation of psychopathology via self-regulatory processes are lacking. Thus, further research is needed to explore potential mediating and moderating variables impacting this association. Intervention research indicates multi-level system-based approaches targeting various aspects of the child’s ecosystem (child-, parent-, peer, and/or school-level elements) elicit tangible changes in emotion regulation competencies and adjustment. Moreover, culture may play a crucial role in the degree to which self-regulation is valued and the extent to which internalizing or externalizing symptoms are viewed as problematic, which in turn, impacts the relation between self-regulation and maladaptive behavior.

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