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(p. 63) Behavioral Genetic Perspectives on Substance Abuse and Parenting 

(p. 63) Behavioral Genetic Perspectives on Substance Abuse and Parenting
Chapter:
(p. 63) Behavioral Genetic Perspectives on Substance Abuse and Parenting
Author(s):

Charles Beekman

and Jenae M. Neiderhiser

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199743100.003.0004
Page of

date: 19 August 2018

This chapter examines the link between substance abuse and parenting from the perspective of behavioral genetics. More specifically, it considers at least three mechanisms by which the intergenerational transmission of drug abuse may operate: genetic transmission, disruption of parenting and family processes, and prenatal drug exposure. It first reviews the literature for each of these mechanisms and their possible interrelatedness, along with the genetic mechanisms underlying the effects of prenatal exposure to drugs on child development. It also explores the genetic and environmental influences on drug use and abuse, factors that may impair an addicted parent’s ability to respond appropriately to his or her child, genetic influences on parenting, and the association between prenatal drug use and child behavior problems. Finally, it discusses a number of novel strategies for separating genetic influences from prenatal exposure to drugs as well as the role of parenting and family environments. A prospective adoption design that integrates the mechanisms of drug abuse transmission is proposed.

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