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(p. 119) Traditional and secular views of psychotherapeutic applications of mindfulness and meditation 

(p. 119) Traditional and secular views of psychotherapeutic applications of mindfulness and meditation
Chapter:
(p. 119) Traditional and secular views of psychotherapeutic applications of mindfulness and meditation
Author(s):

Lynn C. Waelde

and Jason M. Thompson

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199688906.003.0006
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date: 21 October 2020

Expanding psychotherapeutic implementations of mindfulness and meditation (MM) raise issues about whether definitions, practices, and descriptions of meditative states should be guided by fidelity to Buddhist and Hindu teachings, or whether secular MM is a distinct domain drawing upon wisdom traditions but also guided by scientific and practical considerations. MM interventions are multi-component and include therapist mindfulness, mindfulness in daily life, sitting meditation, hatha yoga, mantra, imagery, and compassion. Given the lack of definitional consensus and degree of eclecticism in clinical applications, this chapter explores classifications of MM in current psychotherapeutic usage, with attention to growing utilization, historical origins, clinical applications, theoretical rationales, and evidence base. In addition, we consider directions for future research and practice and conclude that mindfulness is a natural human capacity that can be cultivated by religious and spiritual activities but also develops outside of these contexts.

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