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(p. 157) Cognition: Changing Thoughts and Fantasies 

(p. 157) Cognition: Changing Thoughts and Fantasies
Chapter:
(p. 157) Cognition: Changing Thoughts and Fantasies
Author(s):

Ian M. Evans

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199917273.003.0008
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date: 28 October 2020

In psychological therapy cognition has two broad meanings: the content of our thoughts and the things we say to ourselves and think about, and the processes of attention, interpretation, memory, and judgment whereby we make sense of our world. Both features of cognition can become the targets for clinical change, on the assumption that irrational thoughts and erroneous beliefs can lead to distressed feelings and maladaptive behavioral choices. Thoughts and processes that are themselves unpleasant, such as ruminating, can be addressed by a rich variety of strategies including meditation, mental imagery, and mindfulness techniques, all serving very much the same function—reducing the influence of unwanted thoughts.

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