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Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.001.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198727248
A fear of contamination drives the most common manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), compulsive washing. OCD is a distressing anxiety disorder that affects 1-2 percent of ... More
Feelings and Features of Contact and Mental Contamination

Feelings and Features of Contact and Mental Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0002
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
There are two forms of contamination fear. The familiar kind is contact contamination which arises from tangible contact with unpleasant, disgusting, or dangerous substances, such as ... More
A Cognitive Theory of Contamination Fears and Compulsive Washing

A Cognitive Theory of Contamination Fears and Compulsive Washing  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0004
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
The main premise of cognitive theories of anxiety is that disorders develop when a person misappraises the significance of external or internal threats to his or her health or well-being. ... More
Overview of Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Mental Contamination

Overview of Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Mental Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0006
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
Mental contamination is essentially a cognitive disorder and is best treated by the method deduced from the cognitive theory of contamination, namely cognitive behaviour therapy. . The ... More
Clinical Fears of Contamination

Clinical Fears of Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
Intense fears of contamination feature prominently in the serious psychological disorder OCD. Roughly half of the patients afflicted by the disorder engage in compulsive washing/cleaning. ... More
Morphing

Morphing  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0009
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
In some cases of mental contamination the patient fears that proximity of “disreputable” people, mostly living on the fringes of the community, will be contaminating and damaging; they will ... More
Contamination defined and classified

Contamination defined and classified  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0002
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter discusses definitions and classifications of contamination and fears of contamination. It explores the co-occurrence of contact and mental contamination, and mixed cases of ... More
Assessing contamination

Assessing contamination  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0009
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

This chapter discusses the assessment of contamination. It details behavioral assessments, psychometrics and psychometric data, and the assessment of mental contamination. ...

Illusions of vulnerability

Illusions of vulnerability  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0007
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter explores illusions of vulnerability to contamination. It includes sensitivity to contamination, contamination-sensitive states, irrational over-estimations of contamination, ... More
The Fear of ContaminationAssessment and treatment

The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment  

Stanley Rachman

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.001.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
The fear of contamination is the driving force behind compulsive washing, the most common manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorder. This is one of the most extraordinary of all human ... More
Implications of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Mental Contamination

Implications of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Mental Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0012
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
The close connection between theory and derived therapy is a strength of the cognitive approach to anxiety disorders, and is well illustrated in the theory and therapy for mental ... More
Contamination After Physical or Psychological Violations

Contamination After Physical or Psychological Violations  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0007
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
Significant feelings of mental contamination, and the associated compulsions, are generated by physical or psychological violation. The effects of significant violations include fear, ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0001
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter presents a general introduction to the nature of contamination and compulsive behaviour. It outlines the links to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the historical and ... More
Treatment

Treatment  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0011
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
The prevailing treatment for the fear of (contact) contamination, exposure and response prevention (ERP), is well-established and moderately effective in many cases. In most instances the ... More
Contamination after actual or perceived violation

Contamination after actual or perceived violation  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0005
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter explores contamination are an actual or perceived violation. It discusses mental pollution, contamination arising from perceived violation, self-contamination, and the fear of ... More
Disgust and the DSM

Disgust and the DSM  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0008
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter explores feelings of disgust, and its potential for inclusion in the DSM. It discusses the similarities and differences between fear and disgust, as well as the interaction ... More
Mental contamination‘This disease is beyond my practice.’

Mental contamination: ‘This disease is beyond my practice.’  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0004
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
This chapter discusses mental contamination. It presents case illustrations of mental contamination, the assessment of mental contamination (including probes), and secondary sources of ... More
Contact contamination

Contact contamination  

S. Rachman

in The Fear of Contamination: Assessment and treatment

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807992
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780199296934.003.0003
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy, Psychopathology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199296934
Disorder: 
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

This chapter explores contact contamination. Using an illustrative case study, it outlines features of contact contamination, as well as primary and secondary sources of contamination. ...

Eyewitness TestimonyAn Eyewitness Report

Eyewitness Testimony: An Eyewitness Report  

Elizabeth F. Loftus

in The Roots of Modern Psychology and Law: A Narrative History

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780190688738
DOI: 
10.1093/med-psych/9780190688707.003.0002
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology, Forensic and Law Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190688707
Disorder: 
Mood Disorders
This chapter describes the author’s studies of human memory and eyewitness testimony that drew her into a long involvement with the legal system. The history describes efforts on the part ... More
Forms of Mental Contamination

Forms of Mental Contamination  

Stanley Rachman, Anna Coughtrey, Roz Shafran, and Adam Radomsky

in Oxford Guide to the Treatment of Mental Contamination

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Series: 
Oxford Guides to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191807848
DOI: 
10.1093/med:psych/9780198727248.003.0003
Specialty: 
Clinical Psychology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198727248
Mental contamination that develops after experiencing a psychological or physical violation (e.g., sexual assault) has the following characteristics. The person feels a sense of internal ... More

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