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(p. 68) Individual and Sex Differences 

(p. 68) Individual and Sex Differences
Chapter:
(p. 68) Individual and Sex Differences
Author(s):

Marco Del Giudice

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190246846.003.0003
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date: 24 October 2020

The chapter summarizes current research on individual and sex differences in personality and cognitive abilities and reviews the main evolutionary processes that produce and maintain individual variation. Since psychopathology is inextricably linked to normal variation in personality and cognition, a unified approach to mental disorders must incorporate a sophisticated understanding of both individual and sex differences. The chapter describes the structure of personality and cognitive ability and examines their evolutionary and neurobiological underpinnings. The final section considers the interplay of genetic and environmental factors in the development of individual differences and discusses recent models of developmental plasticity and genotype–environment interactions.

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