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(p. 208) The Schizophrenia Spectrum 

(p. 208) The Schizophrenia Spectrum
Chapter:
(p. 208) The Schizophrenia Spectrum
Author(s):

Marco Del Giudice

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190246846.003.0008
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date: 23 September 2020

The chapter discusses schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs), including schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder (SPD). Schizophrenia and related disorders are part of the broader spectrum of psychosis, a cluster of genetically and phenotypically related conditions marked by loss of contact with external reality. After an overview of these disorders, their developmental features, and the main risk factors identified in the epidemiological literature, the chapter critically reviews existing evolutionary models and suggests new directions for research. The final section applies the criteria developed earlier in the book to classify the disorders within the fast-slow-defense (FSD) model and identify functionally distinct subtypes. The author concludes that most instances of SSDs can be classified as fast spectrum (F-type) conditions; however, there are indications of heterogeneity within these conditions, and future research is likely to identify exceptions to the general pattern.

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