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(p. 29) Exploration Phase Goal 1 

(p. 29) Exploration Phase Goal 1
(p. 29) Exploration Phase Goal 1

Kari M. Eddington

, Timothy J. Strauman

, Angela Z. Vieth

, and Gregory G. Kolden

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date: 25 June 2021

In addressing the first goal of the exploration phase of self-system therapy (SST), Chapter 5 focuses on helping clients identify self-beliefs and self-guides. Self-beliefs are characteristics that describe people as they actually are. Ideal self-guides are characteristics that clients would like to have, and ought self-guides are characteristics clients think they should have. Discrepancies can exist between the actual self and the client’s own expectations and standards and those that come from other people. Chronic self-discrepancies can lead to or exacerbate depression. Self-belief analysis is used to examine the content, function, origins, and adaptiveness of clients’ beliefs about themselves in relation to others. A worksheet that is designed to be completed with the help of the therapist or counselor is included.

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