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(p. 47) Adaptation Phase Goal 1 

(p. 47) Adaptation Phase Goal 1
Chapter:
(p. 47) Adaptation Phase Goal 1
Author(s):

Kari M. Eddington

, Timothy J. Strauman

, Angela Z. Vieth

, and Gregory G. Kolden

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190602482.003.0007
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date: 28 November 2020

Chapter 7 addresses the module 1 goal of the adaptation phase of self-system therapy. It describes strategies aimed at reducing self-discrepancies, including modifying standards and enhancing the importance of positive qualities or characteristics. Depression typically involves self-discrepancies, and most people with depression can benefit from reducing or eliminating self-discrepancies and bringing self-guides and self-beliefs more in line with each other. One approach is to lower standards (i.e., ought or ideal self-guides) by identifying and modifying unrealistic expectations. Another method is to find a new way to approach the preferred goal rather than lowering the standard. Evaluation of self-discrepancies sometimes shows that the expectations are invalid and that the focus should shift from perceived deficits to strengths.

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