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(p. 7) Theoretical Overview 

(p. 7) Theoretical Overview
Chapter:
(p. 7) Theoretical Overview
Author(s):

Kari M. Eddington

, Timothy J. Strauman

, Angela Z. Vieth

, and Gregory G. Kolden

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190602512.003.0002
Page of

date: 22 October 2019

Chapter 2 introduces the theory underlying self-system therapy (SST). The terminology and concepts of SST are clarified for therapists and their clients. Self-regulation is a motivational process involving ongoing comparisons between the actual self (i.e., the person I am) and the ideal self (i.e., the person I want to be) or ought self (i.e., the person I should be). Self-beliefs are characteristics that define the actual self, and self-guides are characteristics that define the ideal and ought selves. SST’s core concepts include self-discrepancy and regulatory focus, and the chapter discusses how those concepts relate to goal pursuit, self-evaluation, characteristic orientations, and depression.

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