Show Summary Details
Page of

(p. 235) Muscle Dysmorphia: Clinical Presentation and Treatment Strategies 

(p. 235) Muscle Dysmorphia: Clinical Presentation and Treatment Strategies
(p. 235) Muscle Dysmorphia: Clinical Presentation and Treatment Strategies

Scott Griffiths

, and Stuart B. Murray

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Clinical Psychology Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 February 2021

Muscle dysmorphia is a recently identified, complex, and largely unknown psychiatric disorder. Individuals with muscle dysmorphia typically report preoccupation with thoughts of attaining greater muscularity; conceal their bodies in public; have poor levels of insight into their preoccupation; report extreme functional impairment due to their preoccupation; have elevated rates of comorbid eating, mood, anxiety, and body dysmorphic disorders; use steroids; exercise compulsively; are strong adherents to traditional male gender roles; and report an elevated history of suicide attempts. Treatments for eating disorders and body dysmorphic disorder may be effective for muscle dysmorphia, and case report evidence has shown family-based therapy to be effective for adolescent muscle dysmorphia. Additional treatment strategies include dismantling ego-syntonic beliefs and toxic beliefs surrounding masculinity. Comorbid steroid use and/or dependence complicates treatment and may require incorporating an endocrinologist into the treatment team.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Clinical Psychology requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.