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(p. 19) Rape and Wrongful Conviction 

(p. 19) Rape and Wrongful Conviction
Chapter:
(p. 19) Rape and Wrongful Conviction
Author(s):

Matthew Barry Johnson

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190653057.003.0003
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date: 03 December 2020

This chapter focuses on the concentration of rape cases among confirmed wrongful convictions. How stranger rape differs from date and acquaintance rape with regard to the risk of wrongful conviction is presented. Innocence Project and National Registry of Exonerations data are examined as well as case illustrations. The chapter examines the pressures on law enforcement authorities and the role of primary evidence, secondary evidence, black box investigation methods, the continuum of intentionality, and victim status in stranger rape. In addition, a stranger rape thesis is presented to distinguish the unique challenges faced in the investigation of “stranger rape. The moral outrage associated with stranger rape produces a great demand on police for arrests and convictions yet reliable identification of the perpetrator is compromised in stranger rape.

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