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(p. 132) Concepts, Processes, and Models in Wrongful Conviction 

(p. 132) Concepts, Processes, and Models in Wrongful Conviction
Chapter:
(p. 132) Concepts, Processes, and Models in Wrongful Conviction
Author(s):

Matthew Barry Johnson

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190653057.003.0007
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date: 04 December 2020

This chapter explores concepts and models used to describe and explain processes in wrongful criminal conviction, such as “tunnel vision,” “confirmation biases,” “misinformation effects,” and “escalation of commitment.” This chapter also considers the critique of the concept of tunnel vision that has emerged. Also, the chapter draws from several theoretical sources to introduce the notion of wrongful conviction as a consequence of “moral correction,” which results in emotional and cognitive factors that adversely affect the evaluation evidence and contribute to the risk of wrongful conviction. Moral correction is advanced as a broad framework that encompasses the more specific processes, such as tunnel vision.

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