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(p. 21) What Is IPT? 

(p. 21) What Is IPT?
Chapter:
(p. 21) What Is IPT?
Author(s):

Myrna M. Weissman

, John C. Markowitz

, and Gerald L. Klerman

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190662592.003.0003
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date: 14 July 2020

IPT is a time-limited, specified psychotherapy developed initially for patients with major depressive disorder and later adapted for other disorders as well. IPT is based on the idea that the symptoms of depression have multiple causes, genetic and environmental. Whatever the causes, however, depression does not arise in a vacuum. Depressive symptoms are usually associated with something going on in the patient’s current personal life, usually in association with people the patient feels close to. The goals of IPT are to reduce the symptoms of depression and to help the patient deal better with the people and life situations associated with the onset of symptoms. This chapter provides an overview of the underlying theory and discusses the concepts and goals of this treatment. The types of depression are defined: major depression, MDD, dysthymic (persistent depressive) disorder, bipolar disorder, and mild depression.

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