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(p. 222) Evidence-Based Alcohol and Substance Use Disorder Treatment with Sexual and Gender Minorities 

(p. 222) Evidence-Based Alcohol and Substance Use Disorder Treatment with Sexual and Gender Minorities
Chapter:
(p. 222) Evidence-Based Alcohol and Substance Use Disorder Treatment with Sexual and Gender Minorities
Author(s):

Adam W. Carrico

, Walter Gómez

, and Cathy J. Reback

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190669300.003.0010
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date: 26 April 2019

Although sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations remain at markedly elevated risk for developing alcohol and substance use disorders, relatively few substance use disorder treatment programs provide culturally tailored services. This chapter provides an overview of alcohol and substance use disparities as well as reviews evidence-based interventions in distinct SGM populations. In general, clinical research has focused on culturally tailoring evidence-based substance use disorder treatments such as cognitive–behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing with modest success. Further clinical research should develop and test novel substance use disorder intervention approaches that address minority stress processes as key triggers for unhealthy alcohol consumption and substance use. Clinical research is also needed to address the disparities in unhealthy drinking among sexual minority women as well as alcohol and substance use disparities in transgender individuals. Recommendations are provided to optimize the effectiveness and scalability of existing evidence-based treatments targeting alcohol and substance use disorders in SGM populations.

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