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(p. 268) An Evidence-Based Approach to Conceptualizing Trauma Responses Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults 

(p. 268) An Evidence-Based Approach to Conceptualizing Trauma Responses Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults
Chapter:
(p. 268) An Evidence-Based Approach to Conceptualizing Trauma Responses Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults
Author(s):

Jillian C. Shipherd

, Sarah E. Valentine

, and Julie Woulfe

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190669300.003.0012
Page of

date: 26 April 2019

Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people face stigma, discrimination, and trauma at rates that are startlingly high. Providers interested in offering care to TGNC people must be well-versed in the effects of these types of experiences as part of providing affirmative care. This chapter provides an overview of the literature on these adverse experiences and their sequelae, offers a framework for understanding the effects of these exposures, and provides guidance on treatment conceptualization. First, it discusses the various types of adverse events to which TGNC people may be exposed. Second, it reviews the literature on the prevalence of each type of exposure. Third, it discusses the common symptoms associated with exposure to various adverse experiences. Fourth, it describes a cumulative stress model to assist with case conceptualization. Finally, it summarizes the limitations of the empirical literature and offers an illustrative case example that is trauma-informed and affirmative to transgender identities.

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