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(p. 339) Evidence-Based Approaches to HIV-Positive Sexual Minority Men’s Sexual Health 

(p. 339) Evidence-Based Approaches to HIV-Positive Sexual Minority Men’s Sexual Health
Chapter:
(p. 339) Evidence-Based Approaches to HIV-Positive Sexual Minority Men’s Sexual Health
Author(s):

Audrey Harkness

, and Steven A. Safren

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190669300.003.0015
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date: 24 April 2019

This chapter reviews the current state of research and theory regarding evidence-based sexual health interventions for HIV-positive sexual minority men. Among HIV-positive sexual minority men, sexual health promotion includes reducing sexual behavior that could lead to HIV transmission, increasing adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) medication to attain viral load suppression, and addressing psychosocial and contextual factors that impact both of these health behaviors. The chapter reviews evidence-based behavioral approaches to promote sexual minority men’s sexual health, including those focused on increasing condom use, reducing sexual risk, and improving communication about HIV status. It also discusses interventions to improve ART adherence, which promote HIV-positive sexual minority men’s personal health and serve as a secondary prevention intervention via reducing transmissibility. The chapter concludes with an illustration of an evidence-based intervention with an HIV-positive client. Overarching clinical implications and areas for future research regarding HIV-positive sexual minority men’s sexual health are also discussed.

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