Show Summary Details
Page of

(p. 69) Integration of Common Factors and Specific Ingredients 

(p. 69) Integration of Common Factors and Specific Ingredients
(p. 69) Integration of Common Factors and Specific Ingredients

Bruce E. Wampold

, and Pål G. Ulvenes

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Clinical Psychology Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 29 October 2020

This chapter presents the theoretical framework and research evidence of the contextual model, which integrates common factors and specific ingredients in psychotherapy. In working with clients, the specific ingredients and common factors of various therapy approaches are not mutually exclusive but work together to make psychotherapy effective. The benefits of psychotherapy accrue through three pathways: the real relationship, expectations created through explanation for distress and a cogent treatment plan, and the specific actions enacted in treatment. It is suggested that the outcome of psychotherapy can be improved by the deliberate practice of particular skills that characterize effective therapists. The chapter concludes with case examples, diversity considerations, and future directions.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Clinical Psychology requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.