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(p. 167) Animal Models in Psychiatry 

(p. 167) Animal Models in Psychiatry
Chapter:
(p. 167) Animal Models in Psychiatry
Author(s):

Richard McCarty

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190697266.003.0006
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date: 25 May 2020

Darwin made a compelling case that studies of animals could provide insights into the behavior of humans. Early studies by Pavlov and Harlow paved the way for further developments of animal models of psychiatric disorders. Seligman and Maier’s learned helplessness model continues to be employed in laboratory studies of stress and depression. It has become clear that no single animal model can possibly reproduce all of the critical facets of a mental disorder in humans. However, animal models do provide an essential element in attempts to understand the mechanisms that underlie mental disorders and to reveal molecular targets for the development of new drug therapies. Concerns have been raised about the reproducibility of laboratory experiments with inbred strains of laboratory mice and rats. Any animal model should be evaluated based upon a battery of behavioral tests and the parameters of stressful stimulation employed in experiments should be chosen with care.

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