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(p. 346) Promoting Positive Body Image and Embodiment in Schools: Past, Present, and Future 

(p. 346) Promoting Positive Body Image and Embodiment in Schools: Past, Present, and Future
Chapter:
(p. 346) Promoting Positive Body Image and Embodiment in Schools: Past, Present, and Future
Author(s):

Zali Yager

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190841874.003.0033
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date: 22 October 2020

Body image programming has been implemented in schools to varying degrees of success, but to date, no programs specific to positive body image have been developed and evaluated. This chapter reviews programs that have been effective in improving body image to determine whether the elements of positive body image and embodiment have been present in program content. Some elements of positive body image, such as media literacy and critiquing stereotypes, were present in all five programs conducted with children (<12 years), and all eight programs conducted with adolescents (13–18 years). Additionally, agency (through activism and voice) and broadly conceptualizing beauty were often present in children’s programs, and resisting objectification and agency were often present in adolescent programs. Only one program included the Body Appreciation Scale as a measure of program effectiveness. Potential future directions for programs are discussed, including the incorporation of positive movement, mindfulness, and self-compassion.

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