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(p. 281) Psychotherapy for Developmental Disabilities 

(p. 281) Psychotherapy for Developmental Disabilities
Chapter:
(p. 281) Psychotherapy for Developmental Disabilities
Author(s):

Jonathan M. Campbell

, and Angela Scarpa

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190912727.003.0014
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date: 25 February 2020

Psychological disorders commonly co-occur in individuals with developmental disabilities, yet mental health disorders are under-identified and mental health services are underutilized for this group. Within the larger population of individuals with developmental disabilities, this chapter focuses on individuals with intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The authors review defining characteristics of ID and ASD and then describe common psychological disorders for each group, including anxiety, depression, and behavioral dysregulation disorders. A selective review is provided of evidence-based interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, that address mental health concerns for both groups. Barriers to access and utilization of services are identified and potential solutions are offered to these barriers. The authors identify the important role of stigmatizing attitudes toward individuals with developmental disabilities as contributing to poor experiences with mental health providers. The intersectionality of developmental disability and mental illness is highlighted as contributing to barriers to access to mental health treatment.

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