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(p. 137) Preventing School Violence and Advancing School Safety 

(p. 137) Preventing School Violence and Advancing School Safety
Chapter:
(p. 137) Preventing School Violence and Advancing School Safety
Author(s):

Dewey Cornell

and Brittany Crowley

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190918873.003.0008
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date: 15 January 2021

Schools are one of the safest places for young people, but high-profile cases of school shootings have driven schools to engage in reactive practices such as expensive security measures and zero tolerance discipline that have had unintended negative effects. More proactive practices are needed to prevent violence, with particular attention to the commonplace types of aggression such as bullying and harassment that have serious consequences for students and can be the seedbeds for more severe violence. Overall, schools should place greater emphasis on multitiered prevention strategies that build a school climate characterized by high academic and behavioral expectations for students in the context of supportive relationships. Schools should also adopt threat assessment as a systematic approach to evaluating and helping troubled students. The overarching idea is that making schools safe and supportive environments that foster student well-being and achievement is vital for the prevention of violence.

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