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(p. 145) Module 7: Time Out and Privilege Removal 

(p. 145) Module 7: Time Out and Privilege Removal
Chapter:
(p. 145) Module 7: Time Out and Privilege Removal
Author(s):

Andrea Chronis-Tuscano

, Kelly O’Brien

, and Christina M. Danko

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780190940119.003.0008
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date: 27 October 2020

In Module 7, parents learn to use time out from positive reinforcement to help their child improve their ability to follow directions and house rules. Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from parents who consistently following through with a consequence for noncompliance and rule-breaking to reduce misbehavior. Time out is effective when used in the presence of a secure relationship and where opportunities for connection and positive reinforcement are consistently available in the home environment. Inappropriate behaviors are more likely to happen again when directions and rules are not enforced consistently: misbehavior continues to have positive consequences. Children with ADHD benefit from the structure, consistency, and predictability of the time out consequence to reduce problem behaviors. In fact, time out is thought to help children learn to self-regulate. Parents need to be prepared to manage their own emotional experience and their child’s reaction to execute time out correctly and experience the full benefits of time out.

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