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(p. 66) The Interpersonal Management of Difficult Behavior 

(p. 66) The Interpersonal Management of Difficult Behavior
(p. 66) The Interpersonal Management of Difficult Behavior

Laurence J. Alison

, Emily K. Alison

, Frances Surmon-Böhr

, and Neil D. Shortland

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date: 25 January 2021

This chapter discusses the ORBIT approach to managing difficult interpersonal behavior. It outlines the history and evolution of theories of interpersonal relating, which informed the ORBIT interpersonal circumplex. The ORBIT circumplex organizes behaviors across two axes: the power axis (ranging from controlling to capitulating behaviors) and the intimacy axis (ranging from cooperative to confrontational behaviors). The model consists of eight octants of behavior based on combinations of these two axes (e.g., controlling, controlling–cooperative, controlling–confrontational). The chapter includes the ORBIT coding framework for identifying each of these groups of behavior and their adaptive and maladaptive variants. Real-world examples of interrogations with convicted terrorist Anders Breivik and Parkland School shooter Nikolas Cruz are used to highlight the complexities of different suspect behaviors and how they would be assessed using the ORBIT interpersonal wheels.

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