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(p. 211) Medications 

(p. 211) Medications
Chapter:
(p. 211) Medications
Author(s):

Michelle G. Craske

, and David H. Barlow

DOI:
10.1093/med-psych/9780197584057.003.0014
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date: 20 May 2022

This chapter discusses medications for anxiety and panic. In the workbook, medication is not described as a more or less effective form of treatment in comparison to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) but as a more or less appropriate treatment dependent on different beliefs and life circumstances. Medications are described, so that clients may understand their effectiveness and side effects, as well as issues in discontinuing medications. The chapter then details a program to help wean clients from medication as part of an ongoing treatment regimen. In this program, withdrawal effects from medication, particularly benzodiazepines, are managed using the skills taught in the workbook. However, the issue of combining medications with CBT of the sort outlined in this guide and the corresponding workbook is complicated. There is some evidence that benzodiazepines do not combine well with CBT, and there is some evidence that, overall, the combination of medications with CBT is less efficacious in the long term than CBT alone.

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