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(p. 61) Medical Problems, Sleep Disorders, and ADHD 

(p. 61) Medical Problems, Sleep Disorders, and ADHD
Chapter:
(p. 61) Medical Problems, Sleep Disorders, and ADHD
Author(s):

Jan Willer

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780190256319.003.0006
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date: 29 September 2020

Physical illnesses can mimic ADHD. Careful clinical interviewing, with medical assessments as indicated, is necessary to determine the accurate diagnosis. Medical mimics of ADHD are discussed, with special attention to sleep problems and sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, periodic limb movements of sleep, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy, which can mimic ADHD and also be comorbid with ADHD. The complex relationship with sleep and ADHD are discussed, covering issues such as sleep–wake patterns, the tendency of people with ADHD to be “night owls,” the possibility of stimulant medication interfering with sleep, and undiagnosed sleep disorders that can be mimic ADHD or be comorbid with ADHD.

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