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(p. 3) Introduction to Volume 12: Appendices and Bibliographies 

(p. 3) Introduction to Volume 12: Appendices and Bibliographies
(p. 3) Introduction to Volume 12: Appendices and Bibliographies
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date: 10 April 2020

Gallery Figure 1 (p. 19): Oscar Nemon’s Statue of Sigmund Freud

Oscar Nemon’s statue of Freud was originally intended to be unveiled in bronze in 1936, on Freud’s eightieth birthday, at the Psychoanalytic Society in Vienna.1 But, in 1964, the twice-life-size plaster remained in Nemon’s London studio, increasingly vulnerable to decay. Having been taken aback by the work on visits to the studio, Lady Penelope Balogh, a psychotherapist and a biographer of Freud, undertook to have the statue cast in bronze. While Balogh found that a Freud in bronze appealed to many of the wealthy philanthropists and politicians she approached for funds, it also frightened them all. Barbara Docker-Drysdale gave Balogh a crucial piece of advice: to lay her troubles at Winnicott’s feet.2

Docker-Drysdale proved correct. Lady Balogh wrote that Winnicott ‘was emphatic that the psychoanalysts of the world should get it cast. From then on he never spared himself the huge task of arranging the appeal’, and in 1968 he established the Freud Statue Committee, with Joyce Coles as Honorary Secretary. Nemon recognised the integrity in Winnicott’s determination: ‘what mattered most for him was that a debt of honour should be paid from him and his colleagues to Freud, from whom they had received so much encouragement to enable them to persevere in their endeavours’, adding, ‘he had a passion for rescuing which was fully applied to him’.3 Winnicott sometimes spent Saturday mornings in Nemon’s studio, playing with clay.4

This letter to psychiatrists (Winnicott, 1970) is an example of the culmination of several years of fund-raising efforts:

Dear Sir,

This is an appeal for a personal contribution from all your readers who may feel that Freud’s importance merits that he should be commemorated by a statue.

(p. 4) The Freud Statute Committee has been formed to buy the statue based on a study of Freud and made by Oscar Nemon in 1929 with Freud’s co-operation, and to present it to the Borough of Camden so that it may be erected in Hampstead near where Freud lived at the end of his life and where he died. The Borough Council has agreed to accept it and to erect it on a site at the junction of Fitzjohn’s Avenue and College Crescent. It is now being cast in bronze.

I personally have taken it upon myself to collect the necessary money. It seemed appropriate first to ask the psychoanalysts of the world to contribute towards this project, and by making personal contact with my colleagues I have been able to raise about £6,500 on behalf of the Committee. There may, however, be many other psychiatrists who would like to contribute. We aim to raise the total to about £10,000.

It is suggested that an appropriate amount would be the equivalent of a consultation fee, but smaller amounts are welcome. To subscribers of £10 the sculptor is giving away a desk-sized bust of Freud about 5 inches high; there is a full-length figurine for subscribers of £15 or more. Cheques should be made payable to the Freud Statue Committee and sent to me at 87 Chester Square, London, SW1.5

D. W. Winnicott

A total of £11,000 was raised.6 The British Psycho-Analytical Society (BPAS) donated £1,000 and the New York Psychoanalytical Society more than £400.7 The statue was erected in October 1970 and stands a few streets from Freud’s home in Maresfield Gardens, London.

The undertaking had consumed Winnicott in his final years. Renata Gaddini wrote that ‘Clare Winnicott feared that having now achieved his goal there would be a fall in tension and a decreased attachment to life. All that “had been meaningful in his battle for life” in the last five years was no longer there’.8 The ceremony itself, of dignitaries and speeches on a brutally cold October day, took its toll on Winnicott: Anne Clancier later told Serge Lebovici that ‘his cheeks and lips were blue. I knew he had a bad heart and I was afraid throughout that he might die at any moment. He survived however’.9

Placed as if it were the masthead of the Tavistock Clinic, the glare of Nemon’s Freud mingles a look of contempt with the ‘knowledge and penetration of mankind’10 that Nemon so admired. Freud’s housekeeper, Paula Fichtl, told Freud that Nemon had made him look too angry.

‘But I am angry,’ replied Freud, ‘I am angry with humanity’.11

Characteristically, Winnicott envisaged an altogether different mood, delighted with the idea that generations of children (reminiscent of his own work with the Piggle: ‘Third Consultation’ [CW 11:2:4]) would enjoy clambering over the statue and playing on Freud’s head.12

(p. 5) Part 1: Winnicott’s Publications

The bibliographies of works and letters were compiled in American Psychological Association (APA) style by Clay Pearn and Robert Adès, based on the earlier bibliographies by Masud Khan (1965), Harry Karnac (1996) and Knud Hjulmand (2007).

The chronological bibliography allows the reader to search for a work by its first publication date and by its publication in a previous Winnicott edition. The alphabetical bibliography allows the reader to search for work by all previous titles—including those not used in the Collected Works—and including titles of works first published in languages other than English, although excluding later translations of Winnicott’s works. Later republications of his articles in other journals or in mixed-author anthologies have not been included. Each item is followed by its CW citation code in the form [CW Volume:Part:Chapter].

As the Collected Works as a whole is ordered chronologically, the known date of composition or first presentation takes priority over the date of first publication. However, the chronological bibliography, following APA style, is ordered exclusively by the year of first publication. Accordingly, a work’s position in the bibliography does not always correspond to the location of the item in the Collected Works. In cases where this differs, the date of composition—and hence the publication’s location in the Collected Works—is given in square brackets after the title. Date codes given for citations of Winnicott throughout the Collected Works follow APA style and therefore correlate to the chronological bibliography.

Uncertain or estimated dates have been indicated with ca.—when some estimation is possible—and otherwise marked not dated [n.d.]. Any further information on the history of a work’s composition and publication, along with other pertinent information, can be found in its headnote.

Articles that have previously been published under more than one title are labelled with either ‘Published here as…’ or ‘Not published in this form’. A link is given to the title under which the article is published in the Collected Works. In order to streamline the bibliography, full publication details are only given at the entry of the title used in the Collected Works, while all former titles are linked to this main heading. In the case of articles otherwise related to each other by part-publication, republication or revision, ‘See also…’ is used to refer the reader to the other relevant entries.

‘[Abstract]’, given in square brackets after a title, denotes that the chapter is the abstract of a work by Winnicott. This is not to be confused with the three chapters in Volume 1 Part 4 entitled ‘Abstract:’—these are examples of Winnicott writing the abstract to another author’s work.

(p. 6) Many of Winnicott’s works were first written and presented as broadcasts on BBC radio, and broadcasting information is included in these bibliographies. As with lectures, these radio talks appear in the Collected Works with the date of their original broadcast which, if different from the date of first publication, is given in square brackets. All broadcasts, without exception, were produced and transmitted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). An index of Winnicott’s broadcasts can be found in CW 12:3:2.

Volume 10, the complete text of Therapeutic Consultations in Child Psychiatry, is idiosyncratically numbered; the Collected Works has retained Winnicott’s numbering of the case studies and his division of the work into three parts, each with its own unnumbered Introduction. Part 1, Chapter 7 is therefore followed by Part 2, Chapter 8 rather than Part 2, Chapter 1. The three Introductions were not given chapter numbers and are listed as [CW 10:1:Introduction], [CW 10:2:Introduction] and [CW 10:3:Introduction]. The same system of coding is used for the general introductions to each volume.

CW 12:1:1. The Chronological Bibliography is ordered by the year of first publication, showing each first publication and each republication in a Winnicott volume. Within each year, the works are ordered alphabetically.

Previously published complete books of Winnicott’s works are given in bold italics. Each chapter of each book is then listed in the order in which they appeared. The part headings under which certain essays were grouped in some of the original books, most notably in the three The Child, the Family and the Outside World books (1957, 1957, 1964) can be seen in the appendix of the back catalogue of Winnicott’s publications [CW 12:1:3]. The original reference lists for those books can also be found in this volume [CW 12:1:4].

Items published for the first time in the Collected Works are given in alphabetical order at the end of the bibliography, signifying their first publication in 2017.

CW 12:1:2. The Alphabetical Bibliography is arranged with the definite and indefinite articles excluded. The alphabetical bibliography includes all titles under which Winnicott’s work was published in English, and the non-English language title in the case of first publications in a language other than English. Unlike the chronological bibliography, each title appears in this list only once. All other conventions follow the chronological bibliography. Chapters published in the Collected Works for the first time naturally contain no previous publication information.

CW 12:1:3. The Back Catalogue of Winnicott’s Books shows the complete contents of all published anthologies of his work in chronological order. This list allows the online user, through hyperlinks, to access these books in their original arrangements. This list includes publication details, dedications, original section headings and page numbers for each of the works.

CW 12:1:5. Reference Lists from Winnicott’s Back Catalogue.

Four books produced in Winnicott’s lifetime included their own reference lists. These have been reproduced here, allowing the reader to explore the influences credited by (p. 7) Winnicott in his own work and completing the contents of the Back Catalogue [CW 12:1:3].

  1. a. Collected Papers: Through Paediatrics to Psychoanalysis

  2. b. Holding and Interpretation

  3. c. The Maturational Processes and the Facilitating Environment

  4. d. Playing and Reality

CW 12:1:4. The appendix of Winnicott’s Plans for Books contains his own unedited plans for projected but unrealised rearrangements of his own work into alternative volumes of collected papers. When the chapter can be identified, the CW code has been given; where there is uncertainty, no guess has been offered.

Part 2: Winnicott’s Correspondence

Unlike previous Winnicott bibliographies, lists of correspondence and lists of works have been separated. Letters to journals and newspapers have been included in this list alongside personal correspondence. When the date of dispatch of the letter is known as well as the date of publication, the former is given in brackets preceding the date of publication.

Several of Winnicott’s letters from hospital in New York in 1968 were not dated but were marked with a day of the week. The likely order of these letters has been reconstructed, but dates which are uncertain (while the day of the week is known) have been marked with a question mark, rather than ‘circa’.

The letters published here represent perhaps a quarter of Winnicott’s total correspondence. Many letters are inaccessible, and many more remain restricted for reasons of confidentiality.

Brief Short Biographies of Winnicott’s Correspondents [CW 12:2:3] have been provided here to aid the reader. Edited versions of these short biographies also appear as part of the headnotes for each letter.

Part 3: Lectures, Broadcasts, Audio

CW 12:3:1. Winnicott’s Lectures. The primary source for this appendix is a series of lists of Winnicott’s engagements compiled by his long-time secretary Joyce Coles. Further sources are available scattered throughout Winnicott’s books, from other papers in Winnicott’s archive and elsewhere in the public domain. Research on his lectures was also published in Kahr (1996) and Rodman (2003) in their respective biographies of Winnicott.

Lectures published in the Collected Works under the same title are cross-referenced. When the lecture is believed to have been given under a different (p. 8) name, the Collected Works title is given in square brackets. Presumably due to ill health in 1969 and 1970, some dates, lectures and lecture series had been struck through by Coles, and this is replicated here.

The scale of his involvement with such a wide range of audiences is striking. Winnicott told a group of analysts that ‘The most valuable thing has been having to lecture to people who aren’t analysts’ (‘D. W. W. on D. W. W.’ [CW 8:1:2]) but it was, nevertheless, a disappointment to him to be so infrequently invited to teach at the BPAS; as he wrote to Sylvia Payne, the society’s president in 1953, ‘I realised a long time ago that I would not be asked to teach in the Society and therefore I concentrated on teaching teachers’ [CW 4:2:13].13

CW 12:3:2. Winnicott’s Broadcasts covers Winnicott’s complete radio and television output. This index is to be distinguished from the index of surviving audio material [CW 12:3:3].

Although around sixty recordings and broadcasts can be identified with some certainty, there are likely to be gaps in the record, marking an opportunity for further research. The information available is inconsistent, and the compilation of this list was not without its challenges.

The BBC Written Archive in Caversham, UK, houses microfilms of the scripts of many radio broadcasts whose audio record has been deleted. Not all broadcasts were microfilmed; moreover, the contributors’ indexes were compiled to log the catalogue of scripts rather than the actual transmissions. The identity of contributors was not necessarily recorded, and, to further obscure the issue, Winnicott always broadcast anonymously. However, correspondence exists from 1943 between Winnicott and a succession of his producers, and this appendix has been reconstructed from the correspondence in combination with the surviving microfilms and catalogue and contributor indexes.

Several discrepancies exist between the possible sources. ‘The Deprived Mother’ [CW 2:1:4] and ‘Children in the War’ [CW 2:2:4] are both listed in Masud Khan’s 1965 bibliography as wartime radio broadcasts of 1939. However, in their first publication in 1957, of these two chapters only ‘The Deprived Mother’ is listed as a broadcast. Neither are to be found in the BBC archives, and the earliest surviving correspondence between Winnicott and his BBC producers dates from four years later. We cannot, however, categorically rule out the possibility that they were broadcast. Joyce Coles noted in the late 1960s that four long-playing gramophone records existed, dating from around 1940, which would indicate the earlier start-date of Winnicott’s broadcast career. Nevertheless, the tone of these two early papers is distinctly less approachable than that of the 1940s talks, whose accessibility—as worked on extensively with his producers at this time—is such a shibboleth of Winnicott’s broadcasting style. If these broadcasts were indeed aired in 1939 they would demonstrate the extent to which Winnicott’s radio technique developed under the guiding tutelage of his first known producer, Janet Quigley.14

(p. 9) All six chapters of Winnicott’s 1945 pamphlet Getting to Know Your Baby were described as ‘broadcast in 1944’ when they were republished in 1957. However, Winnicott noted in his personal copy of this pamphlet that only the first, second, fourth and fifth chapters were broadcast. Winnicott wrote to Quigley in late 1944 that he had just published these original broadcasts with ‘a bit added’15 and, although BBC archives show that Winnicott did give six broadcasts in 1943–44, it seems most likely that the third and sixth chapters of the published pamphlet: ‘Infant Feeding’ [CW 2:6:13] and ‘Support for Normal Parents’ [CW 2:6:11], were the ‘bits added’ and were not, in fact, radio talks.

Conversely, ‘What Do We Mean By a Normal Child?’ [CW 2:6:10] was certainly broadcast in 1944, despite not being listed as a BBC talk on its publication in 1957.

‘The Innate Morality of the Baby’ was published in 1957 in the form of its 1949 broadcast, but was extensively revised for republication in 1964 [CW 3:4:30]; the original broadcast script can be found reproduced in this volume [CW 12:3:4c].

CW 12:3:3. Further Audio Material. Almost all of Winnicott’s BBC recordings, along with most recorded material from this period, were erased and the tapes reused. Fortunately, some audio material—around thirty items—has survived and is available, free of charge, on the web page of the Collected Works online, and without subscription at [CW audio online 12:3:3].

The audio material presented in the Collected Works is introduced with a specially recorded podcast by Anne Karpf, including a deeper discussion of the origins and development of Winnicott’s work on the BBC and the social and cultural context of the broadcasts than is provided in these introductory paragraphs. Print readers of the Collected Works are urged to listen or download at

The first series of recordings presented here consists of the fourteen chapters of The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby, as published in Part 1 of The Child and the Family (1957). These recordings were made some time after this by Winnicott and represent an audio record of this publication, rather than being the original BBC broadcasts. The written chapters were, however, based on the seventeen radio talks which Winnicott gave between 1943 and 1950: his first six broadcasts on Happy Children in 1943–44 (published in Volume 2) and the eleven he made for How’s the Baby? in 1949–50 (published in Volume 3), nine of which were released in print in 1949 as ‘The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby’. All the original talks appeared on the BBC Home Service, with the first series produced by Janet Quigley and the second by Isa Benzie. The written chapters were published in 1957 and sometimes vary from the original 1940s BBC transmissions, some of which exist in the form of microfilm (see also the Index of Broadcasts [CW 12:3:2] and the four original BBC scripts [CW 12:3:4]).

(p. 10) The second section of surviving audio material consists of eleven of the sixteen programmes which Winnicott contributed to the BBC programme Parents and Children, including the first nine of Winnicott’s 1960 series ‘The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Children’. The ninth talk seems not to be the original BBC transmission, but a re-recording, again made by Winnicott himself, from a later date. Winnicott also gave the eleventh and thirteenth talks in the series ‘The First Five Years’, of which the audio transmission of the former, ‘Right and Wrong’ [CW 6:3:4], is not available.

The collection of audio material concludes with a small number of private recordings of Winnicott talking live, including an electric performance to the Progressive League crowd on ‘The Pill’ [CW 9:1:23]; three late conference lectures, including his contributions to the discussions; and Winnicott recording his own private notes on Virginia Axline’s book, Play Therapy [CW 9:1:32].

All Winnicott’s recordings are held in the Wellcome Library Moving Image and Sound Collection, London. Private and institutional recordings of his broadcasts are extant and periodically emerge, and we can only hope that this edition will spur on the discovery of further recordings.

Finally, some recordings exist of the presentation and discussion of Winnicott’s papers given at Scientific Meetings at the BPAS in the 1960s. They remain confidential and restricted but may be accessed by permission on application through the archivist at the Institute of Psychoanalysis:

  • ‘A Child Psychiatry Case: Description of a Psychotherapeutic Interview’, 7 July 1965.

  • ‘The Split-off Male and Female Elements to Be Found Clinically in Men and Women: Theoretical Inferences’, 2 February 1966 [CW 7:3:2] (see also the later version of this in the published paper [CW 9:3:7], and Winnicott’s ‘Answers to Comments’ on the paper [CW 9:1:30]).

  • ‘The Location of Cultural Experience’, 7 December 1966 (see the published version [CW 7:3:31] and its Addendum [CW 8:1:37]).

  • ‘Discussion Around Clinical Detail’, 15 March 1967.

  • ‘Towards a Theory of Psychotherapy: The Link with Playing’, 18 October 1967 (related to the paper ‘Playing: A Theoretical Statement’ [CW 8:2:15]).

CW 12:3:4. Original Broadcast Scripts.

CW 12:3:4a. The New Baby: Looking Forward to Baby’s Arrival.

CW 12:3:4b. The New Baby: Getting to Know Your Baby.

By mid-1945, Winnicott had given two series of talks on the BBC Home Service with Janet Quigley as his producer: Happy Children—on new babies—and Difficult Children—on issues relating to the war, the evacuation and the return home. The first of these series was published that year in the popular education journal New Era in Home and School and immediately reissued as a short pamphlet called ‘Getting to Know (p. 11) Your Baby’, which sold for one shilling.16 Donald’s first wife, Alice, provided the cover design, a touchingly naïve woodcut of a mother cradling her sleeping infant (p. 20). In October, Quigley (who was just ‘leaving’ the BBC to be married), and Isa Benzie, were preparing The New Baby, a series of twelve talks on the Home Service, to which Winnicott would contribute these two.

Isa Benzie’s vision for The New Baby, to be broadcast in the months following the end of the war, demonstrates her and Quigley’s desire to sympathetically expand their programming towards a franker, less superficial discourse on mothering:

I am inclined to think that we should spend most of our time on managing children in respects other than feeding them; I believe that all the agencies concerned, including the Corporation [the BBC], have had a great deal of success with their propaganda for the right food, but I still hear privately of the saddest things going on in other directions even in educated and prosperous families.17

In keeping with Quigley’s personal input on Winnicott’s earlier 1943–44 broadcasts, the correspondence shows that Benzie recommended several pages of edits to ‘Looking Forward to Baby’s Arrival’ [CW 12:4:4a], mostly relating to his section on ‘the grim side’ of pregnancy. Benzie asked Winnicott to consider the fears of those mothers who were not so easily able to breastfeed, noting that medical propaganda at this time of postwar rationing was putting mothers under tremendous pressure, and reminding him that

As our audience will be made up very largely not of intellectual women but women exposed to the full force of the prejudice and old wives’ tales of their friends, in a series like this we always wish to make people grasp that in very many cases they put up with a lot of discomfort for which there is no need at all.18

Benzie supported and encouraged Winnicott’s use of the pronoun ‘you’ to talk directly to the listening expectant mother and, no doubt thinking of their listeners’ real experiences, asked that he ‘Please don’t take away anything about the women and the soldiers’. Winnicott’s final script, as was almost always the case, shows that he was malleable and attentive to his producers’ advice. While he had worked for two decades with mothers in clinical settings, he needed and made use of Benzie and Quigley to help him to translate his theoretical and therapeutic insights into something identifiable and comprehensible to the general listener.19

It was perhaps the emphasis on military analogies and wartime experiences in ‘Looking Forward to Baby’s Arrival’ that contributed to it being overlooked for publication during peacetime, and it seems to have been completely forgotten until now. The eighth talk, ‘Getting to Know Your Baby’, of autumn 1945 (p. 12) [CW 12:4:4b], was also never published or repeated in its own right, presumably due to its similarity to the more extensive series of the same name that been broadcast and published earlier that year.

CW 12:3:4c. How’s the Baby? Problems of Management: Training Babies. In early 1949, Winnicott and Isa Benzie resumed a correspondence on the possibility of a broadcast on the use of electric-shock treatment for mental disorders. Benzie remarked that she had been considering asking Winnicott for more programmes on children, to which Winnicott responded with relief, ‘Broadcasts about children really interest me four thousand times more than broadcasts about the frontal lobes’.20

Winnicott later recalled the meeting with Benzie to discuss the proposed new series:

I had no interest whatever in telling people what to do… . I didn’t know. But I would like to talk to mothers about what they do well … because each mother is simply devoted to the task in hand, namely the care of an infant. I said that ordinarily this just happens…

Benzie, apparently listening for a good title for the new programme, exclaimed ‘Splendid! The Ordinary Devoted Mother’. ‘And that’, said Winnicott, ‘was that’.21

The ensuing nine weekly talks were broadcast in autumn 1949, with two further talks commissioned a few months later, all appearing on the BBC Home Service programme How’s the Baby? The first nine of these broadcasts, many renamed, were published before the year was out by C. Brock & Co. as The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby (1949), a pamphlet that again sold for one shilling. The contents of these two series are reproduced below. The whole set, along with talks from his two BBC series of the mid-1940s, were republished with original work by Tavistock in 1957 in two books: The Child and the Family and The Child and the Outside World. The title of this—the eighth talk on ‘training babies’—there became ‘The Innate Morality of the Child’, shifting its emphasis from external management to the baby’s own internal resources. This chapter was then largely rewritten for its republication in the Penguin paperback The Child, the Family and the Outside World in 1964 [CW 3:4:30]. The original broadcast script from 1949, showing the very minor alterations for its publication in 1957, is reproduced here [CW 12:4:4c].

The Ordinary Devoted Mother (1949) in broadcast and in print:

  • how’s the baby? bbc home service (1949–50), benzie, i. (producer):

    • Caring for Children and How Babies Develop Their Personalities, 5 October 1949.

    • The Mind of a Child, 12 October 1949.

    • The Baby and Its Food, 19 October 1949. (p. 13)

    • The Passing of Excretions, 26 October 1949.

    • No Baby Can Grow Properly Without Love, 2 November 1949.

    • The Baby at Feeding Time, 9 November 1949.

    • Presenting the World to a Baby, 16 November 1949.

    • Problems of Management: Training Babies, 23 November 1949 [CW 12:3:4c].

    • Weaning, 30 November 1949.

    • Management: Knowing and Learning How to Be a Mother, 22 March 1950.

    • Symptoms of Illness, 29 March 1950.

  • the ordinary devoted mother and her baby (1949), c. brock & co.:

    • Introduction

    • The Baby as a Going Concern

    • Where the Food Goes

    • The End of the Digestive Process

    • The Baby as a Person

    • Close-up of Mother Feeding Baby

    • The World in Small Doses

    • The Innate Morality of the Baby

    • Weaning

CW 12:3:4d. The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby: My Fan Mail. In late 1951, Isa Benzie (now the producer of Woman’s Hour) asked Winnicott, at the request of Janet Quigley (now the programme’s editor), to rebroadcast the 1949 Home Service series The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby for Woman’s Hour, and to follow it up with a discussion of listeners’ responses:

We are agreed here that there is no point in trying to do a thing differently when once it has been done superbly, and so we are asking for the simple repetition of your earlier series.22

Woman’s Hour was a daily, morning series broadcast on the Light Programme (now BBC Radio 2), a channel tending—as the name suggests—towards light entertainment. The Home Service (now BBC Radio 4, with the current slogan ‘Intelligent Speech’) tended to broadcast informative and discursive programmes, typically covering wartime news, discussions and dramas. The transition of Winnicott’s work from one channel to the other was not smooth, and, in a long letter to Winnicott on the day before the fifth talk was scheduled, Benzie subtly expressed the difficulties of presenting his ideas to listeners on the new channel:

Now I am learning that the environment is far more than a question of the number and length of the pieces of time available. We were really alone on (p. 14) the Home Service—you were alone with the listener, and now no one is alone! I find I imagine the listener as interrupted while feeding her baby by the man who has come to read the gas meter. I think the fact is … it makes women have a slight feeling of immodesty.23

Whatever alterations Benzie had considered making to the series became irrelevant: the next day saw the death of King George VI, and all BBC programming was suspended. After two weeks of postponed broadcasts and ‘a long conversation with Dr Winnicott’,24 they decided not to go ahead with the final two programmes, ending ‘what has turned out to be a rather short series of talks’ [CW 12:3:4d] with the short segment on readers’ letters, a broadcast Benzie described as ‘harmless’.25

The mothers who had taken the time to write in with their thoughts, ‘lyrical’, ‘lurid’ and ‘fiercely critical’, presented a much more valuable resource to Winnicott than the tongue-in-cheek epithet ‘fan mail’ would imply. Benzie later wrote to Janet Quigley:

You will perhaps recall his delighted amazement at the quantity and quality of the correspondence, which he recognised as ore from a gold mine, to which a professional worker like himself or his wife … normally never can have access.26

  • the ordinary devoted mother and her baby (1952). woman’s hour. light programme. benzie, i. (producer):

    • The Baby as a Going Concern, 9 January 1952

    • The First Week, 16 January 1952

    • Breast Feeding, 23 January 1952

    • Baby Bites, 30 January 1952

    • 6 February 1952 [cancelled]

    • 13 February 1952 [cancelled]

    • My Fan Mail, 20 February 1952 [CW 12:4:4d]

Part 4: Guide to New Material in the Collected Works

CW 12:4:1. Works Published for the First Time.

CW 12:4:2. Letters Published for the First Time.

These are lists of the new works and new letters printed here for the first time, mostly selected from the Winnicott archive in the Institute for the History of Psychiatry’s Oskar Diethlem Library at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, or the Winnicott archive in the library of the Wellcome Trust, London.

CW 12:4:3. Works First Published in a Winnicott Edition.

This is a list of articles, reviews and letters to journals which have been printed, though not in a (p. 15) collection of Winnicott’s works, and which have therefore remained until now unconnected to the rest of Winnicott’s œuvre. Nearly the entirety of Volume 1—works from Winnicott’s early professional career as a paediatrician—are republished for the first time, along with around twenty-five letters to newspapers and journals, around forty-five reviews, and a handful of other articles or broadcasts.

CW 12:4:4. Remarks on Some Chapters Revised for the Collected Works.

A brief list and discussion of the few works which have been revised or slightly edited for the Collected Works. This typically has taken the form of reinstating Winnicott’s original work or separating papers that had been conflated or edited together posthumously.

Reference Lists

The reference lists for each of the eleven volumes collated together in this one volume [CW 12:7:2] were newly researched and compiled by Clay Pearn.

To co-ordinate the references, a new system had to be developed to manage citations. We decided not to follow the APA system (‘1968az’) due to the unwieldy quantity of items within some years. At the request of Oxford University Press, a single citation code was developed based on the volume, part and chapter numbers of each item to facilitate hyperlinking articles online. If unclear the article name and its publication date are also given.


Anon. (1936). La Dernière Heure (Belgian newspaper). (Courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young).Find this resource:

Axline, V. (1966). Play therapy. London: Victor Gollancz.Find this resource:

Balogh, Penelope. (n.d., unpublished). My part in the Freud statue. (Courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young).Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (2 October 1945). Letter to D. W. Winnicott (R51/221 Health, New Baby). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (4 October 1945). Letter to D. W. Winnicott (BBC R CONT1, D.W. Winnicott, File 1a, 1943–59). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (12 December 1951). Letter to D. W. Winnicott (BBC R CONT1, D.W. Winnicott, File 1a, 1943–59). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (5 February 1952). Letter to D. W. Winnicott (BBC R CONT1, D.W. Winnicott, File 1a, 1943–59). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (21 February 1952). Memorandum to Janet Quigley (BBC R CONT1, D.W. Winnicott, File 1a, 1943–59). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Benzie, I. (29 August 1956). Memorandum to Janet Quigley (BBC R CONT1, D.W. Winnicott, File 1a, 1943–59). BBC Written Archives, Caversham, UK.Find this resource:

Clancier, A., & Kalmanovitch, J. (Eds.). (1984). Winnicott and paradox: From birth to creation. London: Tavistock.Find this resource:

Freud, S. (1992). The diary of Sigmund Freud, 1929–1939. Molnar, M. (Ed.). London: Hogarth.Find this resource:

Gaddini, R. (2003). Annotation for Letter to Donald Winnicott, 1 September 1970. In ‘Correspondence between Donald W. Winnicott and Renata Gaddini, 1964–1970’, Psychoanalysis and History, 5, 13–47. (p. 17) Find this resource:

Gitelson, F. H. (1972). Report of the 27th International Psycho-Analytical Congress. Bulletin of the International Psycho-Analytic Association, 53, 83–140.Find this resource:

Hjulmand, K. (2007). D. W. Winnicott bibliography. In J. Abram (Ed.), The language of Winnicott (pp. 361–435). London: Karnac.Find this resource:

Kahr, B. (1996). D. W. Winnicott: A biographical portrait. London: Karnac.Find this resource:

Kahr, B. (2003). Foreword. In J. McDougall (Ed.), Donald Winnicott the man: reflections and recollections. London: Karnac.Find this resource:

Karnac, Harry (1996). Bibliography. In R. Shepherd, J. Johns, & H. Taylor Robinson (Eds.), Thinking about children. London: Karnac.Find this resource:

Karpf, A. (2014). Constructing and addressing the ‘Ordinary Devoted Mother’: Donald Winnicott’s BBC broadcasts, 1943–1962. History Workshop Journal, 78, Autumn 2014.Find this resource:

Karpf, A. (2016) (audio). Introduction to the audio material, The Collected Works of Winnicott, Vol. 12. [CW 12:3:3]

Khan, M. (1965). Publications by D. W. Winnicott 1926–1964. In M. Khan (Ed.), The Maturational processes and the facilitating environment (pp. 264–276). London: Hogarth.Find this resource:

Nemon, O. (1936, unpublished). Letter to Simone Hotlett, 24 January 1936. (Courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young.)Find this resource:

Nemon, O. (unpublished). Memoirs. (Courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young.)Find this resource:

Rodman, F. R. (2003). Winnicott: Life and work. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1940). Children in the war. [CW 2:2:4]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1940). The deprived mother [1939]. [CW 2:1:4]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1945). Infant feeding [1944]. [CW 2:6:13]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1945). Support for normal parents [1944]. [CW 2:6:11]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1946). What do we mean by a normal child? [1944]. [CW 2:6:10]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1949). The innate morality of the baby. [CW 12:3:4c (1949 broadcast); CW 3:4:30 (1964)]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1949). The ordinary devoted mother and her baby. London: C. Brock & Co.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1957). The child and the family. London: Tavistock.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1957). The child and the outside world. London: Tavistock.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1958). Collected papers: Through paediatrics to psychoanalysis. London: Tavistock.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1964). The child, the family and the outside world. Harmondsworth: Penguin.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1965). The Maturational processes and the facilitating environment. London: Hogarth.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1967). The location of cultural experience [1966]. [CW 7:3:31]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1968). Playing: A theoretical statement [1967]. [CW 8:2:15]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1970). Letter. British Journal of Psychiatry, 116(531), 240.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1971). Creativity and its origins. (Includes ‘The split-off male and female elements to be found in men and women’.) [CW 9:3:7]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1971). Playing and reality. London: Tavistock.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1971). The Piggle. [CW 11:2]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1971). The split-off male and female elements to be found clinically in men and women [1966]. [CW 7:3:2]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1986). Holding and interpretation: Fragment of an analysis. The Institute of Psychoanalysis. London: Karnac.Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1987). The ordinary devoted mother [1966]. [CW 7:3:3] (p. 18) Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1989). Addendum to ‘The location of cultural experience’ [1967]. [CW 8:1:37]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1989). Commentary. V. Axline, Play therapy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1947) [1965]. [CW 9:1:32]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (1989). D. W. W. on D. W. W. [1967]. [CW 8:1:2]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2016). A 70th birthday present [1965]. [CW 7:2:20]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2017). Answers to comments on ‘The split-off male and female elements to be found clinically in men and women’ [1968–69]. [CW 9:1:30]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2017). Getting to know your baby [1945]. [CW 12:4:4b]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2017). How’s the baby? [1949]. [CW 12:3:4c]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2017). Looking forward to baby’s arrival [1945]. [CW 12:4:4a]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2017). The ordinary devoted mother and her baby: My fan mail [1952]. [CW 12:3:4d]Find this resource:

Winnicott, D. W. (2016). The pill [1969]. [CW 9:1:23]Find this resource:

(p. 19)

Figure 1 Oscar Nemon’s Statue of Sigmund Freud, outside the Tavistock Clinic, London. Winnicott devoted much of his final years to raising this memorial to Freud. See the ‘Introduction to Volume 12’ for Winnicott’s contribution [CW Introduction to Volume 1212:Introduction].

Figure 1 Oscar Nemon’s Statue of Sigmund Freud, outside the Tavistock Clinic, London. Winnicott devoted much of his final years to raising this memorial to Freud. See the ‘Introduction to Volume 12’ for Winnicott’s contribution [CW 12:Introduction].

Photo credit: Nemo Roberts, 2016.

(p. 20)

(p. 21)

Figure 3 A cup and saucer both joined and separated by string (see ‘Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena’ [CW 9:3:5]).

Figure 3 A cup and saucer both joined and separated by string (see ‘Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena’ [CW 9:3:5]).

Alison Britton OBE RA.

(p. 22)


1. According to a cutting from the Belgian newspaper La Dernière Heure, 1936, courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young. There remains no statue commemorating Freud in Vienna.

2. From ‘My Part in the Freud Statue’ by Lady Penelope Balogh (n.d., unpublished).

4. Clare Winnicott, reported in Rodman (2003), p. 360. See Figure 2 on p. 19 of Volume 9 of the Collected Works for Winnicott and Nemon with the Freud statue in Nemon’s studio.

5. Winnicott’s home and consulting address.

6. Gitelson, F. (1972), p. 119.

9. Clancier, A. and Kalmanovitch, J. (1984), p. 137.

10. Oscar Nemon, Letter to Simone Hotlett, 24 January 1936 (unpublished, courtesy of Lady Aurelia Young).

11. The Diary of Sigmund Freud 1929–1939, 24 July 1931.

12. As told by Joyce Coles to Jeannine Kalmanovitch, in Clancier, A. and Kalmanovitch, J. (1984), p. 65.

13. See also ‘A 70th Birthday Present’ [CW 7:2:20].

14. For an in-depth discussion of the dating of the early broadcasts and Winnicott’s relationship to his first BBC producers, see Karpf (2014).

15. Winnicott, D. W., letter to Janet Quigley (28 December 1944).

16. The fact that Winnicott’s broadcast series were immediately published in book form—including acknowledgements to his radio colleagues and to the BBC (except, through printer error, in this first instance)—signaled to future producers that Winnicott was an ‘expert’ on this subject, considerably lending to his appeal.

17. Isa Benzie, letter to Winnicott (2 October 1945).

18. Isa Benzie, letter to Winnicott (4 October 1945).

19. For a detailed analysis of Winnicott’s relationship with his producers, see Karpf, A. (2014), and the Introduction to the Audio Material [CW 12:3:3].

20. Winnicott, D. W., letter to Isa Benzie (26 January 1949).

21. Winnicott, D. W., ‘The Ordinary Devoted Mother’ (1966) [CW 7:3:3], quoted in Karpf, A. (2014), p. 88.

22. Isa Benzie, letter to Winnicott (12 December 1951).

23. Isa Benzie, letter to Winnicott (5 February 1952); see also Karpf, A. (2014), p. 96.

24. Isa Benzie, memorandum to Janet Quigley (21 February 1952).

25. Isa Benzie, memorandum to Janet Quigley (21 February 1952).

26. Isa Benzie, memorandum to Janet Quigley (29 August 1956); see also Karpf, A. (2014), p. 91.