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(p. 193) Winnicott’s Correspondents 

(p. 193) Winnicott’s Correspondents
(p. 193) Winnicott’s Correspondents

Robert Adès

, Lesley Caldwell

, Helen Taylor Robinson

, and Amal Treacher Kabesh

Page of

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date: 10 July 2020

Addis, Robina

(1900–86) One of the first professionally trained Psychiatric Social Workers in Britain, Addis also worked in the child guidance movement and extensively for the National Association for Mental Health.

ca. April 1936 [CW 1:4:8]

Aitken, Mrs P.

A reader of Winnicott's The Child, the Family, and the Outside World.

13 January 1967 [CW 8:1:1]

An American Correspondent (Mr Q.)

A man who had written to Winnicott about his personal problems.

14 January 1969 [CW 9:1:3]

Applebey, Mary

(1916–2012) The General Secretary of the National Association for Mental Health (1951–74), publisher of a monograph called ‘The Case as the Patient Sees It’, for which Winnicott wrote the preface.

27 May 1957 [CW 5:3:16]

Balint, Enid

(1903–84) Psychoanalyst and welfare worker, organiser of the Citizens’ Advice Bureau in London on behalf of the Family Welfare Association.

22 March 1956 [CW 5:2:6]

Balint, Michael

(1896–1970) Hungarian-born psychoanalyst, member of the Middle Group, President of the British Psychoanalytic Society (1969–70) and President of the Medical Section of the British Psychological Society. He was author of The Basic Fault, The Doctor, His Patient, and the Illness and founder of ‘Balint-groups’ for the training of medical doctors and general practitioners in the psychological aspects of illness.

27 March 1957 [CW 5:3:9]

4 April 1957 [CW 5:3:10]

3 October 1957 [CW 5:3:24]

5 February 1960 [CW 6:1:2] (p. 194)

Baumann, Marianne

Swiss psychoanalyst.

20 January 1958 [CW 5:4:2]

5 June 1958 [CW 5:4:10]

Beveridge, Lord

William Beveridge (1879–1963), economist and social reformer, author of a report on the state of the health services in the United Kingdom which led to the introduction of a National Health Service.

15 October 1946 [CW 3:1:4]

Bick, Esther

(1902–93) Viennese-born psychoanalyst and member of the Kleinian group. In 1948, Bick was appointed head of the first child psychotherapy training at the Tavistock Clinic and is widely credited with recognising the value and defining the method of direct infant observation to psychotherapeutic training.

11 June 1953 [CW 4:2:9]

Bion, Francesca

(1922–2015) (née McCallum) Researcher at the Tavistock Clinic, wife of Wilfred Bion.

3 October 1957 [CW 5:3:25]

Bion, Wilfred R.

(1897–1979) Psychoanalyst and President of the British Psychoanalytic Society (1962–65). Recipient of a Distinguished Service Order during World War I, Bion read History at Oxford and subsequently trained in medicine, winning the gold medal for surgery from University College Hospital, London, in 1930. He was encouraged by Melanie Klein to train in psychoanalysis, becoming an analysand of the Kleinian John Rickman with whom he later developed the use of groups in military psychiatry during the ‘Northfield experiments’. Bion’s earlier works, Second Thoughts and Learning from Experience, and his work after moving to Los Angeles in 1968, have been extremely influential in different schools of contemporary psychoanalytic and psychological thought.

22 January 1951 [CW 3:6:2]

7 October 1955 [CW 5:1:16]

17 November 1960 [CW 6:1:18]

16 November 1961 [CW 6:2:23]

5 October 1967 [CW 8:1:23]

Bonnard, Augusta

(1903–74) Consultant physician at Paddington Green Children’s Hospital with Winnicott in the 1930s, trained as a psychoanalyst with Anna Freud, founder and director of the East London Child Guidance Clinic after the war.

3 April 1952 [CW 4:1:6] (p. 195)

1 October 1957 [CW 5:3:22]

7 November 1957 [CW 5:3:28]

Bowlby, John

(1907–90) Psychiatrist, psychologist, psychoanalyst, and director of the Department for Children and Parents at the Tavistock Clinic for two decades, during which time he published his influential work on juvenile delinquency, Forty-Four Juvenile Thieves. Bowlby was instrumental in establishing the effects of separation between mother and infant as a subject of scientific research, and his three classic works Attachment, Separation and Loss form the foundation of Attachment Theory.

6 December 1938 [CW 1:4:20]

16 December 1939 (co-author of a letter to the British Medical Journal) [CW 2:1:6]

11 May 1954 [CW 4:3:11]

26 March 1966 (co-author of a letter to The Times) [CW 7:3:9]

Briance, Prunella

(b. 1926) The author of the book Childbirth with Confidence, published by the Natural Childbirth Association of Great Britain, for which Winnicott wrote the preface. Briance established the Association in 1956 to promote and understand the Dick-Read system of natural childbirth. The charity later became the Natural Childbirth Trust.

15 July 1957 [CW 5:3:19]

Britton, Clare

(1906–84) Social worker and psychoanalyst. Britton worked on the Oxfordshire evacuation programme during the war and was appointed the head of the first training course for social works at the London School of Economics. She was Director of Child Care Studies at the Home Office 1964–71. She married Donald Winnicott in 1951.

Early 1950 [CW 3:5:1]

Britton, Karl and Sheila

Karl (1909–83), older brother of Clare Winnicott (née Britton), chair of philosophy at Newcastle University and author of Philosophy and the Meaning of Life, and his wife Sheila.

25 November 1968 [CW 8:2:33]

7? December 1968 [CW 8:2:39]

14 December 1968 [CW 8:2:44]

Casuso, Gabriel

Cuban-born American psychoanalyst. In the early 1970s, Casuso was appointed the first Training and Supervising Analyst at the Florida Psychoanalytic Society.

4 July 1956 [CW 5:2:9] (p. 196)

Chamberlain, Anne

(1883–1967) Anne, wife of Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (1937–40).

10 November 1938 [CW 1:4:19]

Chaplin, D.

Child psychotherapist.

18 October 1954 [CW 4:3:25]

Cheu, Tsuicheu

Paediatrician from Shanghai whom Winnicott met at the International Paediatric Congress in Copenhagen, 1956.

4 April 1957 [CW 5:3:11]

Coles, Joyce

Winnicott’s secretary from 1948 until his death. Coles was married to Arthur Coles.

25 August 1968 [CW 12:5: caption 6]

22? November 1968 [CW 8:2:31]

25? November 1968 [CW 8:2:32]

26? November 1968 [CW 8:2:34]

29 November 1968 [CW 8:2:35]

1? December 1968 [CW 8:2:36]

4 December 1968 [CW 8:2:37]

8 December 1968 [CW 8:2:40]

10? December 1968 [CW 8:2:42]

14 December 1968 [CW 8:2:43]

Collinson, Michael P.

(Active from 1960s, retired 1996) British social scientist and farm economist working in Tanzania.

10 March 1969 [CW 9:1:7]

Conran, M. B.

(1923–2001) Psychoanalyst of the Middle Group and psychiatric registrar at Shenley Hospital from the late 1960s, at that time a progressive mental hospital near St Albans, UK.

8 May 1969 [CW 9:1:10]

Dahlberg, Charles Clay.

Research psychologist, physician and President (1967) of the William Alanson White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and Psychology, New York.

24 October 1967 [CW 8:1:26]

Davidson, S. S.

(1911–61) Sonny Davidson, physician and psychoanalyst who worked at the Cassel Hospital, UK.

5 May 1952 [CW 4:1:8] (p. 197)

Davis, John

Paediatrician at St Mary’s, Paddington, colleague and friend of Winnicott, and later Foundation Professor of Paediatrics, Cambridge University.

1 January 1971 [CW 9:3:1]

Dick-Read, Grantly

(1890–1959) Obstetrician, promoter of natural childbirth and author of the books Natural Childbirth and Revelation of Childbirth (USA: Childbirth Without Fear).

15 January 1958 [CW 5:4:1]

Dowling, R. S. W.

Editor of the periodical The Family Doctor.

8 December 1967 [CW 8:1:36].

Ezriel, Henry

(1909–85) Psychoanalyst and member of the Tavistock Clinic.

20 June 1952 [CW 4:1:9]

Federn, Paul

(1871–1950) Viennese-born American psychologist, early contributor to the psychoanalytic literature on psychosis, most famous for his many papers in the field of ego psychology.

3 January 1949 [CW 3:4:1]

Fitzgerald, Otho

(1908–2000) Medical superintendent at Shenley hospital, St Albans, UK, and secretary of the International Conference on Psychotherapy, 1948.

3 March 1950 [CW 3:5:4]

FitzHerbert, Joan

Psychiatrist in the Child Guidance Service of the Kent Education Committee.

25 April 1961 [CW 6:2:7]

Fordham, Michael

(1905–95) Jungian analyst, founder of the Society of Analytical Psychology and co-editor of the Collected Works of Jung. A personal friend of Winnicott.

11 June 1954 [CW 4:3:16]

26 September 1955 [CW 5:1:14]

2 February 1965 [CW 7:2:2]

24 June 1965 [CW 7:2:8]

15 July 1965 [CW 7:2:9]

26 March 1966 (co-author of a letter to The Times) [CW 7:3:9]

10 March 1970 [CW 9:2:2]

Frank, Klara

Viennese psychoanalyst and associate of Anna Freud.

20 May 1954 [CW 4:3:13] (p. 198)

Franklin, Marjorie

(1877–1975) Psychoanalyst and psychiatrist, founder of the Planned Environment Therapy Trust and a co-founder of the Institute for the Scientific Treatment of Delinquency. Franklin introduced Winnicott to the Q Camps therapeutic community experiment, and to David and Ruth Wills, with whom he worked briefly at the Bicester Q Camp.

19 October 1944 [CW 2:6:12]

Freud, Anna

(1895–1982) Daughter of Sigmund Freud and one of the founders of child psychoanalysis. Anna Freud, along with other German and Austrian analysts, came to London at the invitation of Ernest Jones and the British Psychoanalytic Society in the 1930s. In London, she was founder of the Hampstead Child-Therapy Course and Clinic (now the Anna Freud Centre), the ‘Hampstead war nurseries’, and co-editor of The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child. The theoretical disagreements between Anna Freud and Melanie Klein formed the backdrop of psychoanalytic life and training in Britain throughout the middle of the twentieth century.

6 July 1948 [CW 3:3:5]

18 March 1954 [CW 4:3:7]

(and Melanie Klein) 3 June 1954 [CW 4:3:15]

18 November 1955 [CW 5:1:17]

14 May 1958 [CW 5:4:8]

8 June 1958 [CW 5:4:11]

7 November 1958 [CW 5:4:19]

26 March 1966 (co-author of a letter to The Times) [CW 7:3:9]

20 January 1969 [CW 9:1:6]

Friedlander, Kate

(1902–49) Viennese psychoanalyst and associate of Anna Freud.

8 January 1940 [CW 2:2:1]

Gaddini, Renata

(1919–2013) Italian psychoanalyst, Professor of Psychopathology of Development, La Sapienza University, Rome, and a foremost proponent of Winnicott in Italy. Gaddini worked on a translation of The Family and Individual Development which was not ultimately published.

26 June 1964 [CW 7:1:8]

13 September 1966 [CW 7:3:19]

21 November 1966 [CW 7:3:28]

9 March 1967 [CW 8:1:5]

4 September 1967 [CW 8:1:19]

21 November 1967 [CW 8:1:32]

21 October 1968 [CW 8:2:24]

ca. 9 December 1968 [CW 8:2:41] (p. 199)

(and family) 15 November 1969 [CW 9:1:24]

19 January 1969 [CW 9:1:5]

31 August 1970 [CW 9:2:7]

Gardner, Dorothy E. M.

(1900–92) A colleague of Susan Isaacs at the progressive Maltings House School, and Isaacs’s successor at the Child Development Department of the Institute of Education, University of London, where Winnicott gave a regular lecture courses. Gardner was Susan Isaacs’ first biographer, a book for which Winnicott wrote the Preface [CW 8:2:22].

13 July 1959 [CW 5:5:11]

Gillespie, William

(1901–2001) Psychoanalyst, President of the British Psychoanalytic Society (1950–53) and the International Psychoanalytic Association (1961–64).

29 September 1966 [CW 7:3:21]

Giovacchini, Peter

(1922–2004) Psychiatrist and psychoanalyst based in Chicago. Editor of the volume Tactics and Techniques in Psychoanalytic Therapy (1972), which included the first publication of Winnicott’s Holding and Interpretation.

5 March 1970 [CW 9:2:1]

Glover, Edward

(1888–1972) Psychoanalyst and founding member of the British Psychoanalytical Society alongside Ernest Jones, with whom he fought for the recognition of psychoanalysis as a medical and scientific discipline. Glover resigned from the BPAS in 1944.

23 October 1951 [CW 3:6:13]

Gough, Donald

(b. 1925) Psychoanalyst and child psychiatrist at the Tavistock Clinic.

6 March 1968 [CW 8:2:7]

Guntrip, Harry

(1901–75) Psychoanalytic psychotherapist and analysand of both Fairbairn and Winnicott. Guntrip was formerly a Congregational minister and the author of several papers on the origin and treatment of schizoid phenomena.

20 July 1954 [CW 4:3:19]

13 August 1954 [CW 4:3:21]

15 September 1961 [CW 6:2:18]

Halmos, Paul

Lecturer in Psychology and Education at the University College of North Staffordshire, where Winnicott lectured in November 1959.

12 June 1959 [CW 5:5:9] (p. 200)

Harvard-Watts, John

(d. 1979) The founder of Tavistock Publications, publisher of several of Winnicott’s books, including The Child, the Family and the Outside World.

28 July 1960 [CW 8:1:13]

Hazlehurst, R. S.

British Minister who responded to Winnicott's letter to The Times, 10 August 1949: ‘Punishment and Crime, A Psychologist’s View’ [CW 3:4:16].

1 September 1949 [CW 3:4:17]

Heimann, Paula

(1899–1982) Psychoanalyst who emigrated from Berlin to London in 1933. An analysand and close associate of Klein until the mid-1940s, Heimann’s important theory on countertransference precipitated a rift with Klein, and, in 1955, Heimann resigned from the Melanie Klein Trust to become a member of the independent Middle Group.

5 November 1959 [CW 5:5:18]

Hellman, Ilse

(1908–98) Psychoanalyst who had trained in juvenile delinquency and child development in Vienna and Paris before coming to London at the invitation of Anna Freud in 1942. Hellman qualified in London as a psychoanalyst while working with Anna Freud and Dorothy Burlingham at the Hampstead War Nurseries and Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic.

21 July 1960 [CW 6:1:12]

Henderson, Sir David

(1884–1965) Professor of psychiatry at Edinburgh University and co-author of the influential Textbook of Psychiatry.

10 May 1954 [CW 4:3:10]

20 May 1954 [CW 4:3:14]

Henry, Hannah

Known as ‘Queen’, Hannah Henry was a close friend of Winnicott from 1926 until his death. Winnicott stayed with Henry in Suffolk on his separation from his first wife Alice Taylor in 1949.

30 October 1950 [CW 3:5:12]

Hodge, S. H.

British Minister who responded to Winnicott’s letter to The Times, 10 August 1949: ‘Punishment and Crime, A Psychologist’s View’ [CW 3:4:16]

1 September 1949 [CW 3:4:18]

Hoffer, Willi

(1897–1967) Psychoanalyst and associate of Anna Freud.

4 April 1952 [CW 4:1:7] (p. 201)

James, Lydia

(d. 2001) Founder of The Observer newspaper column ‘Within the family’ in January 1960, under the pseudonym Bridget Colgan, which served as a model for the introduction of parenting and childcare advice columns in national newspapers in the UK.

20 January 1961 [CW 6:2:1]

James, Martin

(1914–92) British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, member of the Middle Group and friend of Winnicott.

17 April 1957 [CW 5:3:13]

7 October 1965 [CW 7:2:17]

Jaques, Elliot

(1917–2003) Canadian-born London-based psychoanalyst and member of the Kleinian group. Founding member of the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations; founder of the School of Social Sciences at Brunel University, London; and an anonymous doctor on BBC Woman’s Hour in the late 1940s. Jaques was a specialist in social and organizational development, and is perhaps best known for having coined the term ‘mid-life crisis’.

13 October 1959 [CW 5:5:16]

Jones, Ernest

(1879–1958) Founder of the British Psychoanalytical Society and its President from 1913 to 1944. Jones, a member of Freud’s original circle, was the central figure in British psychoanalysis for five decades. He was instrumental in bringing Melanie Klein, and later, the Freuds, to London.

22 July 1952 [CW 4:1:10]

Joseph, Betty

(1917–2013) Psychoanalyst and leading member of the Kleinian group, chairman of the Klein Trust for fifteen years and author of the influential paper ‘Transference: The Total Situation’.

13 April 1954 [CW 4:3:8]

Kahne, Merton J.

(b. 1924) A doctor at McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts, where Winnicott gave two lectures during his US tour in October 1963.

19 February 1960 [CW 6:1:5]

Kalmanovitch, Jeannine

(1919–93) A friend of Winnicott and a translator of his work into French.

7 January 1971 [CW 9:3:2]

19 January 1971 [CW 9:3:3] (p. 202)

Khan, Masud

(1924–89) Editor of the International Psychoanalytical Library, controversial psychoanalyst, analysand and colleague of Winnicott, and one of his most persuasive proponents.

26 June 1961 [CW 6:2:13]

King, Pearl

(1918–2015) Psychoanalyst, member of the Middle Group, and the British Society’s first non-medical President (1982–84).

18 July 1961 [CW 6:2:14]

Klein, Melanie

(1882–1960) Viennese psychoanalyst who trained with Ferenczi and Abraham before moving to London at the invitation of Ernest Jones in 1926. Klein supervised Winnicott during his training in child analysis and referred him for analysis to her follower Joan Riviere. Her theories of the depressive and paranoid-schizoid position, object relations, the good and bad breast, the pre-eminence of envy and guilt have become central to the British School of psychoanalysis. The theoretical disagreements between Melanie Klein and her followers and other groups in the BPAS formed the backdrop of psychoanalytic life and training in Britain throughout the middle of the twentieth century.

17 November 1952 [CW 4:1:12]

(and Anna Freud) 3 June 1954 [CW 4:3:15]

7 March 1957 [CW 5:3:7]

Knopf, Mrs B. J.

A mother who had written to Winnicott after the publication of his two letters to The Observer on autism in October and November 1964.

26 November 1964 [CW 7:1:15]

Kulka, Anna M.

(b. 1896) Child psychiatrist, Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, UCLA.

15 January 1957 [CW 5:3:1]

Lacan, Jacques

(1901–81) Influential French psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and intellectual, founder of the Société Française de Psychanalyse and, after his expulsion from this, the École Freudienne de Paris. Lacan commissioned the translation into French of Winnicott’s ‘Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena’ for the journal La Psychanlyse.

11 February 1960 [CW 6:1:3]

Laing, R. D.

(1927–89) Scottish psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who trained in London at the BPAS while working at the Tavistock Clinic.

18 July 1958 [CW 5:4:14] (p. 203)

Lantos, Barbara

(1894–1962) Hungarian-born psychoanalyst. Lantos lectured on the Hampstead Child Therapy course and represented the Anna Freudian Group in the training committee of the British Society.

8 November 1956 [CW 5:2:15]

Lebovici, Serge

(1915–2000) French psychoanalyst, Professor Emeritus of Child Psychiatry and President of the International Psychoanalytic Association (1973–77).

8 November 1960 [CW 6:1:16]

Lewis, Sir Aubrey J.

(1900–75) Professor of Psychiatry and clinical director at the Maudsley Hospital, London, for more than twenty years.

26 January 1961 [CW 6:2:2]

13 October 1961 [CW 6:2:20]

Lightwood, Reginald

(1898–1985) Director of the Paediatric Unit of St Mary’s Hospital Medical School, London. Lightwood would later become President of the British Paediatric Association.

10 February 1959 [CW 5:5:2]

Limentani, Adam

(1913–94) Psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, President of the British Psychoanalytical Society (1974–77) and the International Psychoanalytical Association (1981–85).

27 September 1968 [CW 8:2:23]

Lowry, Oliver H.

(1910–96) Biochemist and pharmacologist, Dean of the School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri.

5 July 1956 [CW 5:2:10]

Luria, Alexander

(1902–77) Renowned Soviet psychologist and neuropsychologist.

7 July 1960 [CW 6:1:11]

MacKeith, Ronald

(1908–77) British paediatrician trained at St Mary’s Hospital, consultant at Guy’s Hospital, the Tavistock Clinic (from 1950), and the Cassel Hospital (from 1960). Chairman of the Association of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, editor of the Journal of Paediatric Neurology and Developmental Medicine, and President of the Paediatrics Section of the Royal Society of Medicine.

31 January 1963 [CW 6:4:2] (p. 204)

Main, Thomas

(1911–90) Psychoanalyst and psychiatrist, Medical Director at the Cassel Hospital, Surrey. Author of The Ailment, Main coined the term ‘the therapeutic community’.

24 January 1957 [CW 5:3:3]

25 February 1957 [CW 5:3:6]

Maw, Miss

An employee or stakeholder at Gisburne House, a children’s home for girls in Watford, UK.

16 February 1959 [CW 5:5:3]

Mead, Margaret

(1901–77) American anthropologist and ethnologist who held the post of President of the World Federation for Mental Health as well as President of the Society for Applied Anthropology and the American Anthropological Association. Within an exceptionally wide range of research Mead published extensively on children and adolescents and popularised the term ‘generation gap’.

31 January 1957 [CW 5:3:5]

Meltzer, Donald

(1922–2004) American-born London-based psychoanalyst, follower and developer of the theories of Klein and Bion.

21 May 1959 [CW 5:5:7]

25 October 1966 [CW 7:3:24]

Metcalfe, A. J.

(1895–1971) Director-General of Health, Australia (1947–60).

14 July 1959 [CW 5:5:12]

Miller, Arthur

(1915–2005) American playwright and author, second husband of Marilyn Monroe.

13 November 1967 [CW 8:1:31]

Miller, Emanuel

(1893–1970) Psychiatrist at the Maudsley Hospital and founder and director of the East London Child Guidance Clinic.

16 December 1939 (co-author of a letter to the British Medical Journal) [CW 2:1:6]

26 March 1966 (co-author of a letter to The Times) [CW 7:3:9]

Money-Kyrle, Roger

(1898–1980) Psychoanalyst and follower of Melanie Klein. An analysand of Freud, Jones, and Klein, Money-Kyrle wrote widely on psychoanalysis and politics, philosophy economics, and anthropology. (p. 205)

13 May 1937 [CW 1:4:15]

22 March 1949 [CW 3:4:5]

31 March 1949 [CW 3:4:6]

2 May 1949 [CW 3:4:7]

13 June 1949 [CW 3:4:10]

22 June 1949 [CW 3:4:12]

24 June 1949 [CW 3:4:13]

10 July 1950 [CW 3:5:9]

8 August 1950 [CW 3:5:11]

16 November 1950 [CW 3:5:13]

27 November 1952 [CW 4:1:13]

23 September 1954 [CW 4:3:24]

10 February 1955 [CW 5:1:1]

17 March 1955 [CW 5:1:6]

Nagera, Humberto

(b. 1927) Cuban-born child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, associate of Anna Freud at the Hampstead Clinic until the late 1960s, later Professor Emeritus of Psychiatry at the University of Michigan and the University of South Florida.

15 February 1965 [CW 7:2:3]

Nelson, Gillian

A reader of The Child, the Family, and the Outside World.

6 October 1967 [CW 8:1:24]

North, Roger

A magistrate and Chairman of the Quarter Sessions (later District Courts) in Norfolk, UK, who had written to Winnicott for advice on treatments for juvenile delinquency.

January 1944 [CW 2:6:1]

Parfitt, D. N.

Australian psychiatrist at Claremont Hospital, Western Australia.

22 December 1966 [CW 7:3:35]

Payne, Sylvia

(1880–1976) Psychoanalyst who held every post in the British Society, including President, twice, from 1944 to 1947 and 1954 to 1956. Payne was central to the organisation and handling of the Controversial Discussions, brokering the agreement between Anna Freud and Melanie Klein which led to the emergence of three training groups within the BPAS.

7 October 1953 [CW 4:2:13]

26 May 1966 [CW 7:3:15] (p. 206)

Peller, Lili E.

(1898–1966) Lay psychoanalyst and educator primarily in New York and Philadelphia, and founder of the Montessori school movement in Austria.

15 April 1966 [CW 7:3:13]

Raison, Timothy

(1929–2011) Editor of the periodical New Society.

9 April 1963 [CW 6:4:6]

Rapaport, David

(1911–60) Hungarian-born American clinical psychologist and psychoanalyst, working at the Menninger Clinic, Topeka, KS (1940–48) and, after that, at the Austen Riggs Center, Stockbridge, Massachusetts

9 October 1953 [CW 4:2:14]

Ries, Hannah

(ca. 1886–1970) Psychoanalyst, associate of Anna Freud in London, later emigrating to Los Angeles.

27 November 1953 [CW 4:2:15]

Riviere, Joan

(1883–1962) Psychoanalyst, supporter and follower of Melanie Klein and Winnicott’s second analyst. Riviere was also a co-founder of the BPAS and an early translator of Freud.

19 May 1949 [CW 3:4:9]

24 June 1949 [CW 3:4:14]

3 February 1956 [CW 5:2:3]

21 June 1957 [CW 5:3:18]

13 June 1958 [CW 5:4:12]

Rodman, F. Robert

(1934–2004) Los Angeles-based psychoanalyst, editor of The Spontaneous Gesture: Selected Letters of D. W. Winnicott and author of Winnicott: Life and Work.

10 January 1969 [CW 9:1:2]

Rodrigue, Emilio

(1923–2008) Argentinian psychoanalyst who trained with Klein in London.

17 March 1955 [CW 5:1:5]

Rosenbluth, Michael

Winnicott’s physician in the Cardiac Care Unit of Lenox Hill Hospital, New York.

3 January 1969 [CW 9:1:1]

Rosenfeld, Herbert

(1910–86) Psychoanalyst, supporter and developer of Klein’s theories, Chairman of the Melanie Klein Trust, 1968–82. (p. 207)

22 January 1953 [CW 4:2:2]

17 February 1953 [CW 4:2:3]

16 October 1958 [CW 5:4:16]

17 March 1966 [CW 7:3:6]

Rycroft, Charles F.

(1914–98) Psychoanalyst, essayist and author, including of A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. Rycroft resigned from the British Society in 1968 to devote himself to a literary career.

5 February 1954 [CW 4:3:2]

21 April 1955 [CW 5:1:8]

7 October 1956 [CW 5:2:12]

17 October 1956 [CW 5:2:13]

17 January 1957 [CW 5:3:2]

Sargant, William W.

(1907–88) Psychiatrist and physician in charge of the department of psychological medicine at St Thomas’s Hospital, London, and supporter of physical and organic treatments for mental disorder.

24 January 1969 [CW 9:1:12]

Schulz, Charles

(1922–2000) American cartoonist, best know for the comic strip ‘Peanuts’.

1955 [CW 5:1:22]

Scott, Peter D.

(1914–77) Consultant psychiatrist at the Maudsley Hospital in London and psychiatrist in charge of a London County Council remand home.

11 May 1950 [CW 3:5:6]

Scott, W. Clifford M.

(1903–97) Canadian-born London-based psychoanalyst, analysand of Melanie Klein and friend of Winnicott. Scott worked at the Maudsley Hospital and the Cassel Hospital in London, and he was elected President of the British Psychoanalytic Society in 1953. He later returned to Canada to found the Canadian Psychoanalytic Society.

19 March 1953 [CW 4:2:5]

27 January 1954 [CW 4:3:1]

26 February 1954 [CW 4:3:4]

13 April 1954 [CW 4:3:9]

Segal, Hanna

(1918–2011) Psychoanalyst and follower of Melanie Klein.

21 February 1952 [CW 4:1:3]

22 January 1953 [CW 4:2:1]

6 October 1955 [CW 5:1:15] (p. 208)

Sharpe, Ella Freeman

(1857–1947) Psychoanalyst, intermediary during the Controversial Discussions and member of the Middle Group. Her 1937 work Dream Analysis, which linked dream work and poetic diction, influenced Lacan, among others.

13 November 1946 [CW 3:1:6]

Smirnoff, Victor

(1919–95) French psychoanalyst, friend of Masud Khan, and translator of Winnicott and Klein into French.

19 November 1958 [CW 5:4:20]

Soddy, Kenneth

(1911–86) Child psychiatrist, consultant and physician in charge of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at University College Hospital, London, and author of the textbook Clinical Child Psychiatry.

9 June 1959 [CW 5:5:8]

Spence, Marjorie

A member of the public and reader of The Child, the Family, and the Outside World.

23 November 1967 [CW 8:1:33]

27 November 1967 [CW 8:1:34]

Spock, Benjamin

(1903–98) American paediatrician, author of the popular and influential manual Baby and Child Care.

9 April 1962 [CW 6:3:3]

Stapleton, Thomas

(1920–2007) Paediatrician and colleague of Winnicott at St Mary’s Hospital, London during the 1950s. Professor of paediatrics at the University of Sydney, Australia from 1960.

20 September 1954 [CW 4:3:23]

3 March 1955 [CW 5:1:3]

Stierlin, Helm

(b. 1926) German psychoanalyst, psychiatrist and author, worker at the National Institute of Mental Health, Bethseda, Maryland (1965–73), later director of the Department of Psychoanalytic Research and Family Therapy in Heidelberg, Germany.

31 July 1969 [CW 9:1:19]

Stone, L. Joseph

(1912–75) Professor of Child Study at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York, and early user of film recording in the study of child behaviour.

18 June 1968 [CW 8:2:17] (p. 209)

Stone, Marjorie

A manufacturer of children’s toys.

14 February 1949 [CW 3:4:3]

Storr, Charles Anthony

(1920–2001) British psychiatrist and psychotherapist, and a prolific writer and broadcaster.

30 September 1965 [CW 7:2:15]

Strachey, James

(1887–1967) Winnicott's training analyst, translator and General Editor of The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud.

1 May 1951 [CW 3:6:3]

Szasz, Thomas

(1920–2012) American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Professor of Psychiatry at the State University of New York.

19 November 1959 [CW 5:5:19]

Mrs T.

A mother who had written to ask Winnicott for advice.

6 September 1968 [CW 8:2:20]

Thorner, Hans

(1905–91) German born physician and psychoanalyst, analysand of Klein and Bion who worked at Shenley Hospital, St Albans, during the war and later at the Cassel Hospital, London.

17 March 1968 [CW 7:3:5]

Tizard, J. Peter M.

(1916–93) Paediatrician at Paddington Green and St Mary’s Hospitals, colleague and friend of Winnicott, reader and then professor at the Institute of Child Health, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, London (1954–72), first professor of paediatrics at the University of Oxford (1972–83).

23 October 1956 [CW 5:2:14]

Tod, Robert

(1915–2008) Consultant paediatrician at Alder Hey Children’s Hospital and Liverpool Maternity H ospital, Liverpool. Winnicott wrote the preface for a volume of papers edited by Tod, Disturbed Children, to which Clare Winnicott also contributed.

6 November 1969 [CW 9:1:22]

Torrie, Margaret

(1912–99) Social worker and founder of Cruse Clubs, which later grew into Cruse Bereavement Care, the first national organisation for widows and their children. (p. 210)

4 September 1967 [CW 8:1:20]

5 September 1967 [CW 8:1:21]

van der Waals, Herman Gijsbert

(1894–1974) Director of the Menninger Memorial Hospital, Topeka, Kansas.

23 July 1959 [CW 5:5:13]

Wilkinson, Agnes

(1915–2005) South African-born physician and psychoanalytic psychotherapist, psychiatric advisor at the London School of Economics, President of the British Association of Health Services in Higher Education.

9 June 1969 [CW 9:1:11]

Wilson, A. Tommy M.

Psychiatrist, first Chairman of the Tavistock Clinic, London (1946–56).

23 September 1959 [CW 5:5:14]

Winnicott, Elizabeth

(1862–1925) Winnicott’s mother.

ca. 2 September 1911–13 [CW 1:1:1]

ca. late 1916 [CW 1:1:9]

Winnicott, Violet

(1889–1984) The elder of Winnicott’s two sisters.

15 November 1919 [CW 1:1:11]

Winnicott’s family

Winnicott’s father Sir John Frederick Winnicott (1855–1948), twice mayor of Plymouth; his mother Elizabeth; and his sisters Kathleen and Violet.

3 November 1913 [CW 1:1:4]

ca. 23 December 1913 [CW 1:1:5]

9 May 1914 [CW 1:1:7]

9 December 1916 [CW 1:1:10]

Wisdom, John O.

(1904–93) Professor of philosophy, London School of Economics; founding president of the Society for Psychosomatic Research; editor of the Journal for the Philosophy of Science; prolific contributor of articles on psychoanalysis; analysand of Ernest Jones.

26 October 1964 [CW 7:1:11]

Young, Mr and Mrs

The authors of a questionnaire sent to Winnicott.

28 July 1960 [CW 6:1:14]