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(p. 41) Empirical Foundations and Limits 

(p. 41) Empirical Foundations and Limits
Chapter:
(p. 41) Empirical Foundations and Limits
Author(s):

Lisa Drago Piechowski

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780195341096.003.0003
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date: 30 October 2020

This chapter focuses on empirical foundations and limitations relevant to disability evaluation. It first considers the prevalence of disability claims and the demographics of disability claimants before turning to a discussion of the relationship between disability outcomes and mental health disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and cognitive disorders. It then reviews research regarding the impact on work-functioning of various mental health conditions and the effect of treatment, along with findings on the use of psychological tests, self-report data, and third-party information in disability evaluations. Finally, it assesses the prevalence of dissimulation in disability claims and describes appropriate methods for addressing this in the evaluation.

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