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(p. 43) Biological and Physiological Aspects of Emotion Regulation 

(p. 43) Biological and Physiological Aspects of Emotion Regulation
(p. 43) Biological and Physiological Aspects of Emotion Regulation

Kateri McRae

, and Michelle Shiota

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date: 15 July 2020

Chapter 3 highlights the biological and physiological consequences of emotion regulation. Predominantly, researchers manipulate emotion regulation strategy use and measure emotional outcomes. Biological data has enhanced this work, providing relatively objective outcomes which can be usd to compare and contrast the effects of different strategies. Emotion regulation strategies such as cognitive reappraisal impact sympathetic responding, cortisol levels, and neural activation in regions associated with emotion generation. Parasympathetic influences on the heart, measured via respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), high-frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV), and the ratio of high-frequency to low-frequency heart rate variability, highlight the success of cognitive reappraisal when compared with expressive suppression. Other research has revealed more nuance, inciting new hypotheses about which types of reappraisal work best in varying situations.

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