- About Treatments That Work
- Chapter 1 Introduction
- Chapter 2 Is This Program Right for You?
- Chapter 3 Session 1: Introduction to COPE
- Chapter 4 Session 2: Common Reactions to Trauma and Craving Awareness
- Chapter 5 Session 3: Developing the <i>In vivo</i> Hierarchy and Craving Management
- Chapter 6 Session 4: Initial Imaginal Exposure
- Chapter 7 Session 5: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Planning for Emergencies
- Chapter 8 Session 6: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Awareness of High-Risk Thoughts
- Chapter 9 Session 7: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Managing High-Risk Thoughts
- Chapter 10 Session 8: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Refusal Skills
- Chapter 11 Session 9: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Seemingly Irrelevant Decisions (SIDs)
- Chapter 12 Session 10: Imaginal Exposure Continued and Anger Awareness
- Chapter 13 Session 11: Final Imaginal Exposure and Anger Management
- Chapter 14 Session 12: Review and Termination
- Form 1 COPE Program Treatment Contract
- Form 2 Breathing Retraining
- Form 3 For Families and Loved Ones: What Is PTSD and How Is It Treated?
- Form 4 For Families and Loved Ones: How Can I Help?
- Form 5 For Families and Loved Ones: Common Reactions to Trauma
- Form 6 Understanding Addiction
- Form 7 10 Tips for Well-Being
- Form 8 10 Common Reactions to Trauma
- Form 9 Daily Record of Cravings
- Form 10 Facts About Cravings
- Form 11 Guidelines for Better Sleep
- Form 12 SUDS: The Subjective Units of Distress Scale
- Form 13 <i>In vivo</i> Exposure Hierarchy List
- Form 14 Pleasant Activities Checklist
- Form 15 Craving Thermometer
- Form 16 Coping with Cravings
- Form 17 Patient <i>In vivo</i> Exposure Data Form
- Form 18 Patient Imaginal Exposure Data Form
- Form 19 Personal Emergency Plan
- Form 20 Awareness of High-Risk Thoughts
- Form 21 The ABC Model
- Form 22 Managing Thoughts About Using
- Form 23 Alcohol and Drug Refusal Skills
- Form 24 Seemingly Irrelevant Decisions (SIDs)
- Form 25 Making Safe Decisions
- Form 26 Anger Awareness
- Form 27 Daily Wellness Strategies
- Form 28 Coping with Anger
- Form 29 Early Warning Signs
- Form 30 My Next Steps
- About the Authors
(p. 143) Facts About Cravings
Adapted from Baker, Kay-Lambkin, Lee, & Jenner (2003)
1. Cravings/urges to use are a natural part of reducing/stopping drug use. This means that you are no more likely to have any more difficulty in altering your drug use than anybody else does. Understanding cravings help people to overcome them. They are not a sign of failure. Instead, try to learn from them about what your craving “triggers” are.
2. Cravings are the result of long-term drug use and can continue long after quitting. So, people with a heavier history of use will experience stronger urges.
3. Craving can be triggered by: people, places, things, feeling, situations or anything else that has been associated with using in the past.
4. Craving are like waves at the beach. Every wave/craving starts off small, and builds up to its highest point, and then it will break and flow away. Each individual craving rarely lasts beyond a few minutes.
5. Craving will only lose their power if they are NOT strengthened (reinforced) by using. Each time a person does something other than use in response to a craving, the craving will lose its power. The peak of the craving wave will become smaller, and the waves will be further apart. This process is known as extinction.
(p. 144) 6. Craving only get stronger if you give in and “feed” them. That is, craving are like a stray cat – if you keep feeding it, it will keep coming back.
7. Abstinence from drugs is the best way to ensure the most rapid and complete extinction of cravings.
8. Cravings are most intense in the early part of quitting/cutting down, but people may continue to experience craving for the first few months and sometimes even year after quitting.
9. Each craving will not always be less intense than the pervious one. Be aware that sometimes, particularly in response to stress and certain triggers, the peak can return to the maximum strength but will decline when the stress subsides.