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(p. 827) Treatments for Neurocognitive Disorders 

(p. 827) Treatments for Neurocognitive Disorders
Chapter:
(p. 827) Treatments for Neurocognitive Disorders
Author(s):

Pei Huey Nie

and David L. Sultzer

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199342211.003.0026
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date: 28 October 2020

Dementia, or neurocognitive disorders, refers to a number of clinical syndromes originating in brain pathology and characterized by cognitive deficits and functional impairment. This chapter provides an update on treatment options in addition to a brief summary of dementia types and an overview of the diagnostic criteria for cognitive disorders. The diagnosis of dementia is ultimately a clinical one and includes a multidimensional perspective; as such, treatment requires a comprehensive approach. This chapter addresses two aspects of the treatment of neurocognitive disorders: pharmacological interventions that can temporarily slow the decline of cognitive deficits and the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms (neuropsychiatric symptoms) associated with dementia syndromes. The chapter also reviews disease-modifying treatments in development that may beneficially alter the course of disease, or reduce or prevent symptom expression in those at risk.

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