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(p. 257) Facilitating Growth After Trauma: Cognitive and Interpersonal Considerations 

(p. 257) Facilitating Growth After Trauma: Cognitive and Interpersonal Considerations
(p. 257) Facilitating Growth After Trauma: Cognitive and Interpersonal Considerations

Lauren M. Sippel

and Judith A. Lyons

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date: 22 October 2020

Traditional approaches to understanding the consequences of psychological trauma and injury have focused on the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Increasing attention has been paid to posttraumatic growth (i.e., increased positive functioning across a variety of domains after exposure to trauma), including among Veterans. In this chapter we discuss distinctions between posttraumatic growth and resilience, the relationship between posttraumatic growth and PTSD, and correlates of posttraumatic growth (e.g., social support and spirituality/religiosity). We also provide a brief critique of the empirical literature and suggestions for how clinicians can foster posttraumatic growth in Veterans, though there is no evidence that posttraumatic growth is necessary for successful trauma recovery. However, in facilitating Veterans’ striving to construct personal meaning and interpretations of trauma, posttraumatic growth can be nurtured and supported in the service of resilience to future stressors and helping to foster growth among fellow survivors.

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