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(p. 71) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 

(p. 71) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
(p. 71) Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Alan L. Peterson

, Adam O. Lynch

, Katherine A. Dondanville

, and Edward C. Wright

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date: 19 October 2020

This chapter discusses the symptoms, epidemiology, assessment, and treatment of combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in active duty service members and veterans. Two treatment protocols for PTSD—prolonged exposure (PE) therapy and cognitive processing therapy (CPT)—have been identified as the treatments with the strongest scientific support for their efficacy. These two treatment protocols were selected by the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense for widespread rollouts within their respective health care systems. The limited scientific data available to date from published clinical trials indicates that combat-related PTSD may be more difficult to treat that PTSD related to civilian traumas. This chapter reviews the theory and techniques of PE and CPT, the potential advantages of these treatments for service members and veterans, and specific challenges to treatment in these populations. The chapter concludes with information about resources for the education and training of non-military mental health clinicians.

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