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(p. 64) Counseling Students Who Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning 

(p. 64) Counseling Students Who Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning
Chapter:
(p. 64) Counseling Students Who Are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning
Author(s):

Emily S. Fisher

and Kelly S. Kennedy

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199355785.003.0005
Page of

date: 14 November 2019

This chapter presents information for counselors who work with students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ). These students experience increased discrimination, victimization, and bullying in schools, which can lead to mental health and academic problems. The chapter provides definitions for basic terminology related to sexual and gender identity, summarizes research on the development of sexual and gender identity, and briefly addresses changing personal attitudes and public policies that affect LGBTQ individuals. It stress that counselors who work with LGBTQ students need to be thoughtful about ethical considerations, such as maintaining confidentiality, and employ an affirmative counseling approach that supports positive identity development and decreases suicide risk. Specific counseling strategies discussed include LGBTQ-affirmative counseling and LGBTQ-affirmative cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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