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(p. 1) Introduction 

(p. 1) Introduction
Chapter:
(p. 1) Introduction
Author(s):

Esther Deblinger

, Anthony P. Mannarino

, Judith A. Cohen

, Melissa K. Runyon

, and Anne H. Heflin

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199358748.003.0001
Page of

date: 16 December 2019

The introductory chapter provides a research overview that reviews the definition, incidence and prevalence, dynamics, and short- and long-term impact of sexual abuse on children’s emotional, cognitive, behavioral, social, sexual, and brain development. Children’s psychosocial reactions to sexual abuse are discussed with a particular focus on the development of PTSD and other emotional and behavior problems. The process of abuse disclosure and factors such as parental support and coping strategies that influence this process and optimize children’s outcomes are discussed. The chapter also discusses the impact of gender differences in speaking out about experiences with CSA, with males being somewhat less likely to disclose having these experiences.

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