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(p. 19) Theory, Treatment Development, and Research 

(p. 19) Theory, Treatment Development, and Research
(p. 19) Theory, Treatment Development, and Research

Esther Deblinger

, Anthony P. Mannarino

, Judith A. Cohen

, Melissa K. Runyon

, and Anne H. Heflin

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date: 25 October 2020

The theories and learning mechanisms underlying the development of traumatic stress responses among youth in the aftermath of child sexual abuse (CSA) are discussed. The history and the development of Trauma-focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), an evidence-based practice specifically designed to help youth and their nonoffending parents recover from the crisis of CSA is described. The findings of TF-CBT treatment outcome studies, including 15 randomized trials documenting this model’s efficacy, are reviewed. In addition, several dissemination studies and analytic reviews that highlight TF-CBT as the standard of care for this population are cited. Included in the chapter is a table listing the main findings of the TF-CBT treatment studies discussed.

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