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(p. 197) Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Animal Welfare 

(p. 197) Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Animal Welfare
(p. 197) Understanding the Effects of Maltreatment on Animal Welfare

Lila Miller

and Gary Patronek

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date: 14 April 2021

In this chapter, the authors review evidence from biomedical and behavioral science establishing that animals are capable of experiencing somatic (physical) pain and psychological suffering, comparable in many ways to that experienced by people. The chapter also explains through the use of examples how certain types of actions or failures to act that are commonly encountered during animal maltreatment investigations may cause physical and emotional suffering for animals. Finally, the authors argue that pain, suffering and the interests of the animal victims should be understood and considered during the forensic evaluation of an offender, as well as during sentencing and disposition of a criminal case.

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