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(p. 185) Sexual and Gender Minorities and Bullying in Japan 

(p. 185) Sexual and Gender Minorities and Bullying in Japan
Chapter:
(p. 185) Sexual and Gender Minorities and Bullying in Japan
Author(s):

Makiko Kasai

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199387656.003.0011
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date: 23 October 2019

Japan does not have a cultural history of strong stigma against homosexuality and gender nonconformity in the ways that are true in West, but there is growing evidence that homophobia and transphobia do exist. In this chapter, the history of LGBT issues in Japan is overviewed, focusing mainly on the experiences of gay men and lesbians. Lately, more LGBT-related research has focused on studies on persons with gender identity disorder (GID) due to the approval of gender reassignment surgery as a treatment for GID. Many studies showed that sexual minority youth reported suicidal wishes or behavior because of bullying experiences, feelings of isolation, physical dysphoria, or internal homophobia or transphobia. Moreover, most teachers reported that they did not include any material on LGBT issues in classroom, thus highlighting an urgent need to educate school teachers on these issues.

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