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(p. 195) The Impact of Parental Addiction on Child Development 

(p. 195) The Impact of Parental Addiction on Child Development
(p. 195) The Impact of Parental Addiction on Child Development

Saara Salo

and Marjo Flykt

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date: 28 June 2022

This chapter examines the impact of parental addiction on child development, including socioemotional development. It first considers the effects of prenatal exposure to drugs and alcohol on fetal development, including birth defects, before turning to a discussion of child developmental outcomes associated with parental addiction during childhood. It then explains how parental addiction increases the risk for early interaction and attachment and affects a child’s cognitive, language, and motor functions as well as the neuropsychological mechanisms controlling attention, memory, visuoperception, and emotion regulation. It also assesses the risk for substance use disorders and other psychiatric disorders and concludes by describing developmentally based interventions for high-risk families aimed at reducing parental drug use and improving child development and parenting quality.

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