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(p. 253) Creating Safe and Supportive Schools for Students Impacted by Traumatic Experience 

(p. 253) Creating Safe and Supportive Schools for Students Impacted by Traumatic Experience
Chapter:
(p. 253) Creating Safe and Supportive Schools for Students Impacted by Traumatic Experience
Author(s):

Joel M. Ristuccia

DOI:
10.1093/med:psych/9780199766529.003.0017
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date: 13 April 2021

Addressing the needs of students impacted by traumatic experience begins with the development of trauma sensitive school ecologies. This can be achieved by addressing student needs in four domains: competence, self-regulation, relationships, and physical health/well-being. The characteristics of a trauma sensitive school include: 1. Staff awareness of the impact of trauma on learning; 2. Safe school environments for students, including physical, emotional and social safety; 3. Connections between students and the school community; 4. Coordination of efforts among school based, home and community based resources; and 5. Flexible and innovative responses to student needs to reinforce students’ sense of safety, connection to school, and success in school. The Flexible Framework (FF) is a process tool that is used to develop safe and supportive (trauma sensitive) school ecologies by assessing current needs, supporting the brainstorming of needed initiatives, guiding the implementation of new initiatives, and coordinating school wide efforts.

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